Symptoms, suspected infection and monitoring health

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Currently there is no plan for a solution to prove recovery from COVID-19 with an antibodies test as there is no internationally unified position on the necessary level of antibodies. There is an agreement on the European Union level that a recovery certificate is issued only on the basis of a positive PCR test.

However, a doctor can consider a positive antibodies test as a confirmation of recovery, after which it is possible to vaccinate a person with one dose of the vaccine and then declare the course of vaccination completed (one dose out of one, 1/1). In that case, a person will receive a vaccination certificate to prove their infection risk status.

Last updated: 15.09.2021 11:29

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In single family, detached homes it is simple – keep an eye on the waste sorting requirements and take the waste to the container. In apartment buildings it is more complicated, and the best thing to do would be to not go outside your apartment during isolating. However, if it seems that the collected waste is starting to become visibly and perceptibly problematic, ask for someone’s help in getting it to the container. This means that the waste must be sealed in a plastic bag and the bag placed outside the apartment door, while wearing disposable gloves. Someone, also wearing protective gear, will then take it away.

Last updated: 24.05.2020 16:48

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To avoid contracting the coronavirus:

  • Wash your hands with soap under running water, use alcohol-based hand disinfectant, if necessary.

  • Avoid contact. Keep a distance of at least two metres from people who are coughing or sneezing. If you stand too close to a person with symptoms of the disease, you may contract the disease yourself. 

  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. If you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth with contaminated hands, it is possible that the virus will be transmitted to you as well. 

If you suspect you might be infected:

  • If you have mild symptoms of a respiratory disease, follow the usual hand hygiene guidelines carefully and stay at home until you have recovered.

  • contact your family doctor who can also issue you a certificate of incapacity for work/care leave.

  • Monitor your health. If you have a fever, cough or breathing difficulties, seek help early. Call your family doctor or the GP hotline at 1220.

To stop the spread of microbes and the virus:

  • If you sneeze or cough, cover your nose and mouth with a single use tissue. Throw it into the bin immediately after, and then clean your hands. If you do not have a tissue, use your sleeve (the inside of your elbow), but do not use your bare hand.  
  • Covering your mouth and nose helps prevent spreading the virus. If you sneeze into a bare hand, you might transfer the contamination and viruses to others as well as to objects that you touch.  

Last updated: 28.01.2021 09:41

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COVID-19 symptoms are nonspecific and their severity can vary. The disease can run its course without symptoms of illness, but infection can also include severe pneumonia, and for people in risk groups, in worst case, the illness can end in death.

For most people infected with the coronavirus, the illness runs its course without complications and they get well. It is important to point out that the virus risk group includes the elderly and people with chronic diseases, who exhibit the severe forms of the disease more frequently.

Last updated: 22.09.2020 16:47

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Monitor your health and consult your employer as to whether it is possible to work remotely. Keep away from other people while complying with all the hygiene rules.

If you have no health complaints and you have not been in close contact with any tested infected persons, your doctor has no reason to give you a certificate for sick leave.

However, a close contact with a person infected with the coronavirus is considered to be the same as an infection. Your doctor can give you

  • a certificate for sick leave if you were in close contact with a person infected with coronavirus,
  • a certificate for care leave if your child has been in close contact with a person infected with coronavirus.

NB! The certificates for sick leave or care leave can be issued by your doctor only if your employer has officially registered your employment and you have valid health insurance.

Last updated: 02.02.2021 09:33

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People who have been in close contact with an infected person must stay at home in self-isolation for 10 days and monitor their health.

The rest of the employees may return to work after the premises have been cleaned and disinfected.

People who have been in close contact with a person infected with the coronavirus can contact their family doctor to apply for the certificate of incapacity for work for the duration of the self-isolation.

The Health Board recommends that a close contact do a test after the end of the 10 calendar day quarantine period, in order to discover a possible case of asymptomatic coronavirus.

Last updated: 13.05.2021 09:14

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A person is infectious up to 10 days after the first symptoms of the disease have appeared.

A person is declared healed if she has no fever for at least three days and symptoms of a respiratory tract infection (particularly a cough and a sore throat) have dissipated.

The decision about being healed and able to return to the society is made by the family doctor.

Last updated: 02.02.2021 09:29

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  • Monitor the health of your staff.

  • Send employees with symptoms home for 10 days.

  • Any member of staff who has come into contact with an infected person must monitor their own health, and if symptoms appear, they should remain at home for 10 days and follow the self-isolation guidelines.

  • Monitor cleanliness and the correct use of personal protective equipment.

  • Arrange for your staff a possibility to wash their hands at least once every two hours (with soap and water for at least 20 seconds). If it is not possible to wash hands, they should disinfect their hands with antiseptic handwash with a minimum 70% ethanol content. Hands that are visibly dirty must certainly be washed.

  • Recommend that staff who come into contact with customers wear rubber gloves as well as textile gloves. Hands should be disinfected before gloves are put on and after they are taken off.

Please note! Single-use gloves should not be washed or disinfected. They should be removed when leaving the cash register: pinch the material of the other glove from the section of the glove between the palm and the wrist; pull the glove off so that it turns inside out (with the contaminated side inside). Then the gloves should be disposed into a bag which can be sealed.

  • When wearing protective masks, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for maximum usage time.

  • Single use masks can only be used once. Washing can damage the material of the mask and reduce the effectiveness of the mask.

  • Work garments, (including textile gloves) should be washed after every shift, at the highest temperature allowed for the material. Work footwear should also be cleaned after every shift.

Adjust the work arrangements.

  • The employees have to maintain at least a 2-metre distance with the customers.

  • Minimise contact with the customers for these members of the staff who belong to risk groups, (particularly older employees or those with chronic illnesses or immune-compromised) persons.

  • If possible, arrange work in single shift, or organise the handing over of the shift so that the employees of different shifts would not come into contact with each other.

Guidelines and instructions:

Print-out materials and guidelines of the Health Board

More information can be found on the website of the Agriculture and Food Board ( January 1, 2021, the Veterinary and Food Board was merged with Agriculture Board as Agriculture and Food Board.).

Recommendations of the Agriculture and Food Board to food business operators (January 1, 2021, the Veterinary and Food Board was merged with Agriculture Board as Agriculture and Food Board).

Recommendations of the Labour Inspectorate to employees and employers

Last updated: 08.04.2021 16:08

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You have to stay at home if you came into contact with a person infected with COVID-19 or you are symptomatic (you have a cough, trouble breathing or a fever). You do not have to stay at home for 10 days if someone near you was blowing his nose or coughing but has not had any known contacts with a COVID-19 positive person nor tested positive for the coronavirus.

You could, however, recommend that your acquaintances remain at home until their symptoms pass.

Last updated: 13.05.2021 09:14

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If you have been in close contact with someone who has had a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19, you need to remain in self-isolation. A person who has been in close contact with a person who has been in close contact with a person infected with coronavirus does not need to remain in self-isolation if they display no symptoms.

If you suspect you have contracted the disease you must monitor your health for 10 days. If you have symptoms and you suspect that you might have been infected with the coronavirus, call your family doctor.

Last updated: 02.02.2021 09:53

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According to the requirements, a person who knows that they have been in contact with a person diagnosed with COVID-19 during the previous 10 calendar days, must stay at home or in their permanent place of residence, regardless of whether they have been contacted by the Health Board.

The period of 10 calendar days will be counted from the time when the patient develops symptoms or, in the absence of symptoms, from the date of a positive SARS-CoV-2 test. If you have been in close contact with the infected person then the quarantine period of 10 calendar days will be counted from the date of the most recent contact with the infected person.

The requirement to remain in quarantine for 10 days applies to a person living, permanently in the same place of residence or otherwise in close contact with the patient. The Health Board does recommend that a close contact do a test after the end of the 10 calendar day self-isolation period, in order to discover a possible case of asymptomatic coronavirus.

Last updated: 13.05.2021 09:13

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  • If an employee falls ill outside of work, they must stay at home.
  • If an employee falls ill at work, they must leave immediately.
  • Person who has fallen ill should contact their GP, who will decide on the diagnosis of COVID-19, the need for testing and the certificate of incapacity for work.
  • In order to slow the spread of COVID-19, it is important that the affected employee informs the employer that the diagnosis of COVID-19 has been confirmed. The employer is informed in accordance with the agreement between the employee and the employer.
  • The employer, being informed of the employee's diagnosis of COVID-19, co-operates with the regional department of the Health Board in order to determine the employee's close contact at work and provide guidelines for further work organisation.
  • Premises potentially contaminated with the virus must be closed and not used before being properly cleaned, disinfected and aired.
  • When cleaning rooms and surfaces, the recommendations of the Health Board for cleaning and disinfection (PDF) (in Estonian) must be followed.
  • If the diagnosis of COVID-19 is confirmed, people who were in close contact with the affected employee during the symptomatic period or up to two days before must be identified at the workplace. Close contacts are determined by the regional department of the Health Board in co-operation with the employer.
  • Persons who have been in close contact with the infected person must closely monitor their health and stay in isolation for the next 10 days. Self-isolation can be shortened if the SARSCoV-2 PCR test is performed on the 10th day after being in close contact with the infected person.
  • The rest of the employees can continue their daily work but should monitor their health more closely.
  • If the diagnosis of COVID-19 of an infected employee is not confirmed, other employees may continue to work, but must monitor their health for 10 days.

Last updated: 04.05.2021 10:47

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).