What to do in case of infection

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There is no evidence against or in favour of this as it would be very difficult to gather this evidence with scientific testing.

If this data is randomly collected from people who have had the disease, it would not be possible to make any direct conclusions based on it as there are so many different variables, e.g. where they got the virus from and how big was the amount of virus that they came into contact with; what strains were the people infected with; what are that person's own individual characteristics etc.

That is why the scientists presume that people who have had the disease (or have been vaccinated) do have the risk of transmitting the disease.

Read more: https://www.ut.ee/et/teadus/teadlaste-vastused-koroonakusimustele (in Estonian).

Last updated: 08.04.2021 16:07

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After coming into close contact with an infected person, the employees have to stay at home for 10 days and monitor their health status.

If there are any health concerns, the family doctor should be contacted.

At the doctor's discretion, it is possible to also receive a certificate for sick leave.

The Health Board recommends that a close contact do a test after the end of the 10 calendar day quarantine period, in order to discover a possible case of asymptomatic coronavirus.

Last updated: 10.05.2021 10:45

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If you have been diagnosed with the coronavirus, you need to remain at home until full recovery. Full recovery means that you have not had any fever within the last 72 hours and symptoms of a respiratory infection have receded. A decision on recovery is made by a doctor.

To prevent the virus from spreading, you are not allowed to leave your place of stay during the illness. You can only leave your home on the instructions of a healthcare professional or police officer, when referred to receive healthcare services by a healthcare professional, or if your life or health is in danger at home. Avoid contacts with other people, observe hand and respiratory hygiene, and have the essentials delivered to your home contact-free.

If you live with a person who has been diagnosed with the coronavirus, or you are residing at the same place of stay, remain in self-isolation for 10 days after the most recent close contact (the 10 calendar day period will be counted from the onset of symptoms, or if the infected person has no symptoms, starting from the date of the positive SARS-CoV-2 test). If your health deteriorates, tell your family doctor and follow further instructions from your family doctor. The Health Board recommends that a close contact do a test after the end of the 10 calendar day quarantine period, in order to discover a possible case of asymptomatic coronavirus.

Last updated: 13.05.2021 09:14

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Here are the guidelines for your 10 day monitoring period:

1. Use possibilities for distance work and study.

2. Do not leave your home or place of residence, except

  • on the orders of a healthcare worker or a police official to leave your place of residence or permanent place of stay,

  • when you need to leave your home or place of residence when instructed by a healthcare worker, or in case of an emergency threatening life or health,

  • if you are a healthcare worker, who, at the decision of your employer, performs unavoidable essential tasks,

  • if you are an essential worker, who, at the decision of your employer, and at the advice of the Health Board, performs unavoidable essential tasks, and without whom it would not be possible to perform the tasks of the state or local government entity, or the performance of the tasks of the state or local government entity would be seriously disrupted. If you are necessary for the continuity of a vital service, essential tasks may be carried out only at the decision of your employer and on the basis of a justified proposal of the latter, and at the co-ordination of the authority or local government unit referred to in § 36 of the Emergency Act and the advice of the Health Board;

  • when purchasing essential items near your residence or place of stay, and it is not possible to access these items any other way,

  • if there is no contact between you and a person diagnosed with COVID-19 who lives or stays in the same place of residence,

  • when spending time outdoors while avoiding contacts with all other people.

3. Follow the requirements for health safety:

  • wash your hands regularly with soap and warm water and disinfect if necessary, considering that the virus can spread from contaminated objects,

  • avoid touching your face, eyes, mouth and nose with your hands,

  • air the rooms regularly (at least twice a day, at least 15 minutes at a time),

  • when coughing or sneezing, cover your nose and mouth with a paper towel or your sleeve (throw the paper away immediately after use and then wash your hands).

4. If you have to go out in public in order to obtain the essential items, you must wear a mask.

5. If you, or someone else in your household develop symptoms of the disease, then

  • call the family doctor or family doctors' helpline 1220 as soon as possible,

  • tell them that you have been in close contact with a person infected with COVID-19,

  • describe your health status and follow the medical instructions.

Contact your family doctor for the certificates of incapacity for work or care leave.

If your health deteriorates suddenly, call 112. NB! When calling the emergency medical services, make sure you provide them with information regarding your contact with a person infected with COVID-19.

There is an option to go and have a test on the 10th day if you wish, information on that will come either from a robocall, or an SMS or an e-mail sent by the Health Board.

Last updated: 27.04.2021 12:54

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The European Medicines Agency has reviewed the existing data on using Ivermectin to treat COVID-19 and found that it is not sufficient to recommend using Ivermectin. The clinical studies conducted on this topic are small and differ from each other quite substantially, which in turn makes it more difficult to give a clear recommendation. Laboratory studies have shown that Ivermectin hinders the multiplication of COVID-19 but in a much higher concentration than is currently achievable with treatment doses used for humans. Higher doses, in turn, significantly increase the risk of side effects. See also the press release of the European Agency of Medicines.

What kind of a medicine is Ivermectin actually?

Ivermectin is a prescription medicine. It is used both in humans and in animals to treat for different parasites. Orally taken Ivermectin is indicated for treatment of pediculosis, acariasis and other infestations and helminths or parasitic worm diseases, scabies, and the residual effects of infectious and parasitic diseases. The Ivermectin tablets used in humans do not hold a marketing authorisation in Estonia but Ivermectin without a marketing authorisation is allowed to be used for certain diagnoses on the basis of an application from the Estonian Society for Infectious Diseases, i.e. it is possible to get it from the pharmacy with a prescription from a doctor and there is no need for a separate application from a doctor.

Last updated: 21.09.2021 15:32

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Studies have shown that an infected person is infectious up to 10 days after he becomes symptomatic. So it is necessary to stay in isolation for at least 10 days.

A person is considered recovered and can exit isolation if

  • he has been without a fever for at least 72 hours and
  • the symptoms of an acute infection have receded.

The decision about recovery is made by a doctor.

No repeat test is done to patients who have had the SARS-CoV-2 infection and been declared recovered.

If a person has been hospitalised, getting declared recovered depends on his condition. Generally, hospitals recommend staying at home for another two weeks after being released from the hospital. This does not apply to persons who have light symptoms but have still been hospitalised for some reason.

The virus can be detected in a laboratory for even up to 37 days but the patient is not infectious anymore.

Staying in isolation for 10 days is necessary even if all the symptoms disappear in a few days. This helps to prevent the spread of the virus.

All instructions come from the family doctor or the treating physician both when recovering at home and in a hospital. The doctors' recommendations must be followed.

Last updated: 27.04.2021 12:54

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The results of a patient's SARS-CoV-2 PCR analysis can be positive for several weeks after suffering through the coronavirus. That is why it is not necessary to test recovered patients in order to end the quarantine.

Even though the patient is not infectious after recovery even if he gets a positive test result, he should apply for his family doctor's opinion before returning to regular life, including to work or school. The family doctor is a medical expert whose opinion and decision must be accepted. You can find out about the guidelines of the Estonian Society of Family Doctors to family doctors here.

In order to avoid the spread of the virus in a work environment, the employer has to evaluate the probability of the occurrence of a biological hazard and, if necessary, adopt measures that would help to prevent the risk. More information from the web page of the Labour Inspectorate: "Coronavirus as a biological hazard".

Last updated: 22.01.2021 10:45

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If this kind of a situation has occurred, the place to turn for help is the local municipality.

Last updated: 20.01.2021 15:49

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If it is not possible to walk the dog yourself, you should ask for an acquaintance or a neighbour for help. If necessary, a mouth guard can be used. The helper should definitely avoid contacts with the infected person by using personal protective equipment if necessary and following the guidelines of the Health Board. A person infected with the coronavirus who lives in a private house may walk their dog in their own garden.

Last updated: 20.01.2021 16:57

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).