Symptoms, suspected infection and monitoring health

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To avoid catching the coronavirus:

  • Wash your hands with soap under running water, use alcohol-based hand disinfectant, if necessary.

  • Avoid contact. Keep a distance of at least two metres from people who are coughing or sneezing. If you stand too close to a person with symptoms of the disease, you may contract the disease yourself. 

  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. If you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth with contaminated hands, it is possible that the virus will be transmitted to you as well. 

If you suspect you might be infected:

  • If you have mild symptoms of a respiratory disease, follow the usual hand hygiene guidelines carefully and stay at home until you have recovered.

  • Monitor your health. If you have a fever, cough or breathing difficulties, seek help early. Call your family doctor or the GP hotline at 1220.

To stop the spread of microbes and the virus:

  • If you sneeze or cough, cover your nose and mouth with a single use tissue. Throw it into the bin immediately after, and then clean your hands. If you do not have a tissue, use your sleeve (the inside of your elbow), but do not use your bare hand.  
  • Covering your mouth and nose helps prevent spreading the virus. If you sneeze into a bare hand, you might transfer the contamination and viruses to others as well as to objects that you touch.  

Last updated: 22.09.2020 14:56

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COVID-19 symptoms are nonspecific and their severity can vary. The disease can run its course without symptoms of illness, but infection can also include severe pneumonia, and for people in risk groups, in worst case, the illness can end in death.

For most people infected with the coronavirus, the illness runs its course without complications and they get well. It is important to point out that the virus risk group includes the elderly and people with chronic diseases, who exhibit the severe forms of the disease more frequently.

Last updated: 22.09.2020 16:47

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  • Discuss it with your family doctor. She will give recommendations to you, depending on the severity of the situation. If your GP cannot be reached or is unavailable, you can call the GP hotline at 1220.
  • You do not have to call an ambulance anymore to give a corona virus sample. Do not go to the medical centre or the ER on your own.
  • Rest up and heal yourself according to the doctor’s recommendations.
  • Stay inside until the doctor says that the risk of infection is gone and follow all the rules for avoiding the risk of infection at home.

Infected people in a serious condition should call the ambulance.

More exact instructions at

Last updated: 26.04.2020 21:37

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Monitor your health and consult your employer as to whether it is possible to work remotely. Keep away from other people while complying with all the hygiene rules.

If you have no health complaints and you have not been in close contact with any tested infected persons, your doctor has no reason to give you a certificate for sick leave.

However, a close contact with a person infected with the coronavirus is considered to be the same as an infection. Your doctor can give you

  • a certificate for sick leave if you were the one in contact,
  • a certificate for care leave if your child was the one in contact.

NB! The certificates for sick or care leave can be issued by your doctor only if your employer has officially registered your employment and you have valid health insurance.

Last updated: 01.10.2020 09:36

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Yes, as of 19 March, you can use the self-assessment environment By answering some simple questions, the tool will help you assess your risk of becoming infected with the coronavirus. By responding to the survey, the user of the environment will receive further recommendations on how to act in his/her situation.

The web-based solution was born on 13-15 March at a hackathon organised by Garage48 and Accelerate Estonia, which aimed to develop solutions that help to mitigate the situation created by the spread of coronavirus. One of the solutions was the development of an online assessment questionnaire, created by the startup Montonio Finance, which now cooperates with the Ministry of Social Affairs and the Health Board to run the environment.

Last updated: 24.09.2020 15:57

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If a factory worker exhibits symptoms (cough, breathing difficulties or fever) that may indicate an acute respiratory infection, including coronavirus, he/she should stay at home immediately and contact their general practitioner who will arrange for testing if necessary.

Other members of the workforce should monitor their health and, if symptoms occur, stay at home and contact their general practitioner. In order to protect themselves and others, all members of the workforce should follow hygiene requirements and wash their hands frequently.

Last updated: 24.09.2020 15:58

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People who have been in close contact with an infected person must stay at home in self-isolation for 14 days and monitor their health. The rest of the workers may return to work after the working rooms have been cleaned and disinfected.

Close contacts also have the possibility to turn to their family doctor to apply for the opening of a certificate of incapacity for work for the duration of the self-isolation.

Last updated: 01.10.2020 09:36

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A person is infectious up to 14 days after the first symptoms of the disease have appeared.

A person is declared healed if she has no fever for at least three days and symptoms of a respiratory tract infection (particularly a cough and a sore throat) have dissipated.

The decision about being healed and able to return to the society is made by the family doctor.

Last updated: 01.10.2020 09:37

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  • Monitor the health of your staff.

  • Send home employees with symptoms for 14 days.

  • Any member of staff who has come into contact with an infected person must monitor their own health, and if symptoms appear, they should remain at home for 14 days and follow the self-isolation guidelines.

  • Montor cleanliness and the correct use of personal protective equipment.

  • Arrange for your staff a possibility to wash their hands at least once every two hours (with soap and water for at least 20 seconds). If it is not possible to wash hands, they should disinfect their hands with antiseptic handwash with a minimum 70% ethanol content. Hands that are visibly dirty must certainly be washed.

  • Recommend that staff who come into contact with customers wear rubber gloves as well as textile gloves. Hands should be disinfected before gloves are put on and after they are taken off.

Please note! Single-use gloves should not be washed or disinfected. They should be removed when leaving the cash register: pinch the material of the other glove from the section of the glove between the palm and the wrist; pull the glove off so that it turns inside out (with the contaminated side inside). Then the gloves should be disposed into a bag which can be sealed.

  • When wearing protective masks, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for maximum usage time.

  • Single-use masked can only be used once. Washing can damage the material of the mask and reduce the effectiveness of the mask.

  • Work garments, (including textile gloves) should be washed after every shift, at the highest temperature allowed for the material. Work footwear should also be cleaned after every shift.

Adjust the work arrangements.

  • The employees have to maintain at least a 2-metre distance with the customers.

  • Minimise contact with the customers for these members of the staff who belong to risk groups, (particularly older employees or those with chronic illnesses or immune-compromised) persons.

  • If possible, arrange work in single shift, or organise the handing over of the shift so that the employees of different shifts would not come into contact with each other.

Guidelines and instructions:

Print-out materials and guidelines of the Health Board

Recommendations of the Veterinary and Food Board to food business operator

Recommendations of the Labour Inspectorate to employees and employers

Last updated: 20.07.2020 10:18

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You have to stay at home if you came into contact with an infected person or you are symptomatic (you have a cough, trouble breathing or a fever).

If your colleague gets symptoms that indicate an acute respiratory infection, including the coronavirus, he has to go home immediately and contact his family doctor who organizes his testing for the coronavirus, should it be necessary.

If your colleague's corona test results were positive, the employer has to establish his immediate contacts. If you are among these, you have to stay home for 14 days and monitor your health. As contact with an infected person is considered equivalent to getting infected, the doctor can issue you a certificate for sick leave.

Last updated: 21.09.2020 13:41

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If you were in close contact with a person who has COVID-19, you should notify the Health Board of this by calling +372 794 3500. From there you will be referred to the specialist in charge of establishing close contacts in your region who will ask some specifying questions from you and will register the close contact.

More specific guidelines for a close contact can be found here:

Last updated: 24.09.2020 16:47

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).