What to do in case of infection

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If an employee finds out that their coronavirus test came back positive, they need to notify their employer immediately.

The employer must send both infected persons and persons with a suspected infection home to quarantine.

For this, the employer will establish the employees that have come into contact with the infected colleague at the workplace within the past two weeks. They also need to stay home for 14 days and monitor closely their health status. If a person develops a fever or a cough during this time, he needs to contact his family doctor.

Those employees who did not come into direct contact with the infected person may continue their everyday work but should monitor their health closely.

The employer must guarantee that in order to contain the spread of the virus at the workplace

  • necessary protective equipment is used,
  • the rooms are aired and
  • the surfaces are cleaned diligently.

Last updated: 02.06.2020 15:03

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  • If an employee has fallen ill outside working hours, they must stay home for 14 days and contact their family doctor. The doctor will refer them to testing, if necessary and issues the incapacity to work certificate. The employee may return to work after 14 days, provided that they have no fever, cough, rhinitis or other respiratory symptoms. When the employee has recovered and the doctor has terminated the incapacity to work certificate, the employee may return to work and the employer has no right to require the employee to carry out additional testing.

  • If the employee falls ill during the working hours, the employee must immediately go home, contact their family doctor and stay at home for 14 days. If the diagnosis comes back positive for COVID-19, the employer must be informed. The employer must then close the store for at least 48 hours and disinfect the store. In addition, it is important to determine who have been in close contact with the infected employee, they should also remain home for 14 days.

Detailed instructions are available here: https://www.terviseamet.ee/sites/default/files/Nakkushaigused/Juhendid/COVID-19/kaubandusettevotete_juhis_12.04.20-2.pdf.

Last updated: 27.04.2020 11:56

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After coming into close contact with an infected person, the employees have to stay at home for 14 days and monitor their health status.

If there are any health concerns, the family physician should be contacted.

At the doctor's discretion, it is possible to also receive a certificate of incapacity to work.

Last updated: 24.05.2020 16:34

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If you have been diagnosed with the coronavirus, you need to remain home until full recovery. Full recovery means that you have not had any fever within the last 48 hours or any cough/sore throat within the last 24 hours. In order to prevent the spread of the virus, you are forbidden to leave home during the time you are sick. You are permitted to leave home only on the orders of a medical professional or a police officer, or if your life or health would be at risk at home.

If there is nobody who could bring essential goods (food, medicines) to your home, please turn to your local municipality for help, either by phone or e-mail.

If you are not symptomatic yourself, and you are living with someone who has been diagnosed with the coronavirus, you can leave home only in the following cases:

  • to perform your professional duties if you are a medical professional or if you offer other services required in dealing with the emergency situation;
  • to procure goods necessary for everyday survival (food, medicines) near your home and only if you have no one to help you with this task;
  • you have ruled out all contacts with the person infected with the coronavirus;
  • you wish to be outdoors.

In any case you need to follow the restrictions that apply in public places: keep a 2-metre distance with other people and stay alone or with just one other person (this restriction does not apply to families moving around together). In addition you need to carry an identity document with you.

The Police and Border Guard Board has the right to monitor the observance of movement restrictions. In case of violations, a penalty payment of up to 2000 € may be imposed.

See also the order of the Government of the Republic from March 26: https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/527032020001/consolide

Last updated: 01.05.2020 14:33

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The infected person must definitely stay at home until recovery.

Other members of the family must also stay home for 14 days as they have been in immediate contact with the infected person.

This helps to prevent further spread of the virus.

If another family member develops a fever or a cough during that time period, a family doctor should be consulted.

The infected family member must be separated as much as possible and only one person should provide the care.

It is important to clean all the surfaces at home every day, and to air the rooms.

Last updated: 15.04.2020 21:31

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There is no virus-specific treatment for the coronavirus COVID-19 and it is only possible to ease the symptoms. The World Health Organization has not yet recommended any medicines to be taken into the treatment scheme. Some countries have experimented with treating the coronavirus with malaria medicine but experimental treatment is not practiced in Estonia.

Last updated: 07.04.2020 09:30

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The studies thus far have shown that, on average, in mild and moderate cases an infected person is infectious for 7-12 after the appearance of symptoms, in severe cases up to 14 days. That is why you should isolate for 14 days. In addition, a person must have been

  • without a fever for at least 48 hours and
  • without acute symptoms of the virus for at least 24 hours.

If the fever and coughing persist even on the 14th day, you have to stay home until they are gone and then two more days to be safe.

If a person has been hospitalized with a severe case, getting declared recovered depends largely on his condition. The hospitals generally recommend staying at home for two more weeks after being released from the hospital (this does not apply to those who had mild symptoms but were still hospitalized for some reason).

The virus can be detected in a lab even up to 37 days but the patient is not infectious anymore. As the conclusions of research are contradictory, the safest course of action is to follow the principle of 14 days in isolation. This should be adhered to even if the symptoms disappear within a few days. These kinds of stricter rules help to contain the spread of the virus. Depending on whether you are healing at home or in a hospital, the instructions about your health and the isolation will come from your family physician or attending physician. This means that you should primarily act according to the recommendations of your doctor, who is the person most familiar with the given case.

Last updated: 09.04.2020 17:18

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).