What to do in case of infection

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If an employee finds out that their coronavirus test came back positive, they need to notify their employer immediately.

The employer must send both infected persons and persons with a suspected infection home to quarantine.

For this, the employer will establish the employees that have come into contact with the infected colleague at the workplace within the past two weeks. They also need to stay home for 10 days and monitor their health status closely. If a person develops a fever or a cough during this time, they need to contact his family doctor.

The Health Board recommends that a close contact do a test after the end of the 10 calendar day quarantine period, in order to discover a possible case of asymptomatic coronavirus.

Those employees who did not come into direct contact with the infected person may continue their everyday work but should monitor their health closely.

The employer must guarantee that in order to contain the spread of the virus at the workplace

  • necessary protective equipment is used,
  • the rooms are aired and
  • the surfaces are cleaned diligently.

Starting from February 2, there is a derogation from having to quarantine as a close contact for people who have been vaccinated against or had the coronavirus within the last six months. A person who has had the coronavirus or is vaccinated against it must still wear a mask indoors during the next 10 days or cover their nose and mouth if they have been a close contact. The obligation to wear a mask does not extend to children under the age of 12 or if wearing a mask is not possible due to health considerations, the nature of the work or activities, or for some other substantial reason. Additionally, an asymptomatic close contact who has had the coronavirus or is vaccinated against it must monitor their health closely during the next 10 days and follow the measures enacted by the government and the Health Board to stop the spread of the virus. Following the measures is necessary as there is still very little scientific information on how probable it is that people who have had the coronavirus or are vaccinated against it can still get infected with or spread COVID-19.

Last updated: 03.02.2021 14:53

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After coming into close contact with an infected person, the employees have to stay at home for 10 days and monitor their health status.

If there are any health concerns, the family doctor should be contacted.

At the doctor's discretion, it is possible to also receive a certificate for sick leave.

The Health Board recommends that a close contact do a test after the end of the 10 calendar day quarantine period, in order to discover a possible case of asymptomatic coronavirus.

Starting from February 2, there is a derogation from having to self-isolate as a close contact for people who have been vaccinated against or had the coronavirus within the last six months. A person who has had the coronavirus or is vaccinated against it must still wear a mask indoors during the next 10 days or cover their nose and mouth if they have been a close contact. The obligation to wear a mask does not extend to children under the age of 12 or if wearing a mask is not possible due to health considerations, the nature of the work or activities, or for some other substantial reason. Additionally, an asymptomatic close contact who has had the coronavirus or is vaccinated against it must monitor their health closely during the next 10 days and follow the measures enacted by the government and the Health Board to stop the spread of the virus. Following the measures is necessary as there is still very little scientific information on how probable it is that people who have had the coronavirus or are vaccinated against it can still get infected with or spread COVID-19.

Last updated: 03.02.2021 14:53

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If you have been diagnosed with the coronavirus, you need to remain at home until full recovery. Full recovery means that you have not had any fever within the last 72 hours and symptoms of a respiratory tract infection have receded. A decision on recovery is made by a doctor.

To prevent the virus from spreading, you are not allowed to leave your place of stay during the illness. You can only leave your home on the instructions of a health care professional or police officer, when reffered to receive health care services by a health care professional, or if your life or health is in danger at home. Avoid contacts with other people, observe hand and respiratory hygiene and have the essentials delivered to your home contact-free.

Contact your family doctor for a certificate of incapacity for work or care leave.

If you need help to get essentials at home (food, medicine), contact your local authority by phone or e-mail.

If you live with a person who has been diagnosed with the coronavirus or you are residing at the same place of stay, remain in self-isolation for 10 days since the most recent close contact (the 10 calendar day period will be counted from the onset of symptoms, or if the infected person has no symptoms, starting from the date of the positive SARS-CoV-2 test). Monitor your health. If your health deteriorates, tell your family doctor and follow further instructions from your family doctor. The Health Board recommends that a close contact do a test after the end of the 10 calendar day quarantine period, in order to discover a possible case of asymptomatic coronavirus.

Contact your GP for a certificate of incapacity for work or care leave.

According to the requirements, a person who knows that they have been in contact with a person diagnosed with COVID-19 over the last 10 calendar days must stay at home or in a permanent place of residence, regardless of whether the person has been contacted by the Health Board to make a decision on their status as a close contact.

A person assigned to self-isolation should not go to work, school or public places or use public transport. You should stay at home. Instead of visiting a store or pharmacy, you should contact your acquaintances or use the e-shop to order the necessary items. When ordering food and consumer goods by courier, avoid direct contact. You can leave home only when absolutely necessary, for example, to see a doctor or to buy basic goods and medicines, if a person cannot receive them without leaving home.

If you experience any symptoms of illness, please do not go to the hospital's emergency department or family doctor's office, but first ask for treatment recommendations and instructions by phone. In case of symptoms of illness or deterioration of health, please also inform the Health Board.

Last updated: 03.02.2021 14:53

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Here are the guidelines for your 10-day monitoring period:

1. Use possibilities for distance work and study.

2. Do not leave your home or place of residence, except

  • on the orders of a health care worker or a police official to leave your place of residence or permanent place of stay,

  • you need to leave your home or place of residence when instructed by a health care worker or in the case of an emergency threatening life or health,

  • if you are a health care worker, who, upon the decision of the employer, performs immediate essential tasks,

  • if you are an essential worker, who, at the decision of the employer, and at the advice of the Health Board, performs unavoidable, essential tasks, and without whom it would not be possible to perform the tasks of the state or local government entity, or the performance of the tasks of the state or local government entity would be seriously disrupted. If you are the necessary for the continuity of the vital service, essential tasks may be carried out only on the decision of the employer and on the basis of a justified proposal of the latter, and on the co-ordination of the authority or local government unit referred to in § 36 of the Emergency Act and the advice of the Health Board;

  • when purchasing essential items near your residence or place of stay, and it is not possible to access these items any other way,

  • If there is no contact between you and a person diagnosed with COVID-19 who lives or stays in the same place of residence,

  • when spending time outdoors while avoiding contacts with all other people.

3. Follow the requirements for health safety:

  • wash your hands regularly with soap and warm water and disinfect if necessary, considering that the virus can spread from contaminated objects,

  • avoid touching your face, eyes, mouth and nose with your hands,

  • air the rooms regularly (at least twice a day, at least 15 minutes at a time),

  • when coughing or sneezing, cover your nose and mouth with a paper towel or your sleeve (throw the paper away immediately and then wash your hands).

4. If you have to go out in public in order to obtain the essential items, you must wear a mask.

5. If you, or someone else in your household develop the symptoms of the disease, then

  • call the family doctor or family doctor's helpline 1220 as soon as possible,

  • tell them that you have been in close contact with a person infected with COVID-19,

  • describe your health status and follow the medical instructions.

Contact your family doctor for the certificates of incapacity for work or care leave.

If your health deteriorates suddenly, call 112. NB! When calling the emergency medical services, make sure you provide them with information regarding your contact with a person infected with COVID-19.

There is an option to go and have a test on the 10th day if you wish, information on that will come either from a robocall, or an SMS or an e-mail sent by the Health Board.

Last updated: 03.02.2021 14:54

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There is no virus-specific treatment for the coronavirus COVID-19 and it is only possible to ease the symptoms. The World Health Organization has not yet recommended any medicines to be taken into the treatment scheme. Some countries have experimented with treating the coronavirus with malaria medicine but experimental treatment is not practiced in Estonia.

Last updated: 07.04.2020 09:30

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Studies have shown that an infected person is infectious up to 10 days after he becomes symptomatic. So it is necessary to stay in isolation for at least 10 days.

A person is considered recovered and can exit isolation if

  • he has been without a fever for at least 72 hours and
  • the symptoms of an acute infection have receded.

The decision about recovery is made by a doctor.

No repeat testing is done to patients who have suffered through the SARS-CoV-2 infection and been declared recovered.

If a person has been hospitalised, getting declared recovered depends on his condition. Generally, hospitals recommend staying at home for another two weeks after being released from the hospital. This does not apply to persons who have light symptoms but have still been hospitalised for some reason.

The virus can be detected in a laboratory for even up to 37 days but the patient is not infectious anymore.

Staying in isolation for 10 days is necessary even if all the symptoms disappear in a few days. This helps to prevent the spread of the virus.

All instructions come from the family doctor or the treating physician both when recovering at home and in a hospital. The doctors' recommendations must be followed.

Last updated: 02.02.2021 09:27

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If this kind of a situation has occurred, the place to turn for help is the local municipality.

Last updated: 20.01.2021 15:49

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If it is not possible to walk the dog yourself, you should ask for an acquaintance or a neighbour for help. If necessary, a mouth guard can be used. The helper should definitely avoid contacts with the infected person by using personal protective equipment if necessary and following the guidelines of the Health Board. A person infected with the coronavirus who lives in a private house may walk their dog in their own garden.

Last updated: 20.01.2021 16:57

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).