More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).

Vaccination in Estonia

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In the current stage of vaccination it neither possible nor justified to change the vaccine during the course, thus the first recommendation is to finish the course of vaccination with the same vaccine.

All vaccines in use in Estonia help with the known COVID-19 strains, including the delta strain but it is important that a person has received a full course of vaccination. At a decision of a doctor it might, in certain cases and if it is organisationally possible, be justified to administer a second dose with an mRNA vaccine even if the course was started with the Astra Zeneca vaccine.

Last updated: 21.06.2021 15:44

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Teenagers will not be invited to get vaccinated right now but starting from June 17 it is possible to register young people starting from the age of 12 for the Pfizer vaccine at the digital registry or by calling 1247. The appointment must be booked by a parent or a guardian.

Last updated: 21.06.2021 15:44

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No, you cannot. The digital COVID-19 health certificates confirm the veracity of the information in the Estonian health information system. The Estonian health information system cannot confirm vaccinations performed or tests done abroad and in order to get the corresponding certificate you should turn to the institution where the vaccination or the test was done.

Last updated: 21.06.2021 14:45

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Yes, it is. For this you need to be issued a certificate about the first vaccination, and book yourself an appointment for receiving the second dose at the digital registry or by calling the state helpline 1247.

You should still keep in mind the interval between the two doses of the different vaccines:

  • the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine: 6 weeks (maximum protection is achieved 7 days after the second dose)
  • the Moderna vaccine: 4 weeks (maximum protection is achieved 14 days after the second dose)
  • the AstraZeneca vaccine: 12 weeks (maximum protection is achieved 15 days after the second dose)

Last updated: 31.05.2021 09:53

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As long as there is great demand that creates a queue at the digital registry and hinders the use of other Patient Portal services, the appointments will continue to be added once a week and on weekends.

The vaccine deliveries are about to increase and during the months of May and June, all who wish for it will receive their first dose of the vaccine.

Last updated: 20.05.2021 16:53

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Vaccination appointments (1st dose) booked through the digital registry and the call centre can be changed and cancelled in the national digital registry.

The appointment for the second dose is given by the vaccinator. We recommend definitely keeping that appointment. If there is really no way for you to go, you should call in advance the registry of the medical institution that administered your first vaccine dose, let them know that you have to give up your appointment and make a new appointment.

Last updated: 20.05.2021 16:53

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Starting from May 18 a COVID-19 vaccination appointment can be booked from the state helpline 1247 as well.

It is possible to book appointments to all vaccination locations across Estonia by phone. The same number offers answers to questions that might have risen about the COVID-19 vaccination.

The call centre works seven days a week, between the hours of 08.00 and 20.00

It is also possible to book an appointment by calling the registry of the medical institution. You can find the vaccination location closest to you from the map application: https://vaktsineeri.ee/en/covid-19/getting-a-vaccination/

Last updated: 20.05.2021 16:52

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Vaccinations can be administered by those doctors, nurses and midwives who have completed a basic training on immunization and refresher training within the previous five years.

Estonia has an agreement with the vaccine manufacturers that the vaccines will be delivered to the Health Board where the necessary vaccine storage conditions (including extremely low temperatures and following of the cold-chain requirements) are guaranteed. The Health Board will organise the national distribution of the vaccines to the vaccination locations according to the vaccine distribution plan that is being drafted. Transport is guaranteed in a way that will not necessitate the creation new and irregular storage conditions in vaccination locations. Even the most high maintenance vaccines can be stored in regular conditions for five days.

In 2021, vaccination is free to all Estonian residents, including those who are not covered by health insurance. Vaccination is voluntary. As the vaccine volumes arriving in Estonia during the first semester are limited, the vaccination against COVID-19 takes place in stages.

The vaccination centres will be operating from Monday, May 17, and vaccination against COVID-19 will be opened up to all adults. In order to spread out the burden, the digital registry will offer the opportunity to book a vaccination appointment to people who are 40 years old and older on Thursday, May 13, everyone who is 16 and older will get that opportunity from Monday.

More information: https://vaktsineeri.ee/en/covid-19/vaccination-in-estonia/).

Last updated: 13.05.2021 09:15

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In vaccination centres:

  • In Tallinn at the cultural centre Kaja and at the Tondiraba sports hall
  • In Ida-Viru County at Ahtme and at Narva Hospital
  • In Pärnu at the Tervis Medical Spa Hotel and at the Pärnu Hospital building
  • In Tartu at the A. Le Coq sports building.

At hospitals:

  • Rakvere Hospital
  • Kuressaare Hospital
  • Hiiumaa Hospital
  • Viljandi Hospital
  • Jõgeva County Hospital
  • Rapla County Hospital
  • Lääne County Hospital
  • Järva County Hospital
  • Southern Estonian Hospital
  • Valga Hospital

The family doctors will mainly proceed with vaccinating people in risk groups and the elderly, and administering the second doses, while people in risk groups and the elderly are also welcome at the vaccination centres.

It is also possible to get vaccinated at several private medical institutions. The map depicting health care service providers where it is possible to start vaccinating against COVID-19 (1st dose) can be found here: https://vaktsineeri.ee/en/covid-19/getting-a-vaccination/

An appointment for getting vaccinated against COVID-19 must be booked at the digital register or by calling the phone number of the institution carrying out the vaccination. There is no point in coming to stand in line without an appointment.

Last updated: 20.05.2021 16:26

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An appointment can be booked:

The vaccination location is not tied to the person's official place of residence -- everyone can book an appointment at the region most suitable for them across Estonia. An appointment for a minor must be booked by their legal representative.

Vaccination offices are also operating at hospitals and private medical service providers. The elderly and the risk groups continue to be vaccinated by family doctors as well.

Make certain to be on time for your vaccination appointment or let the vaccinating institution know at first chance if you will not be able to go to your agreed upon vaccination for some reason.

Last updated: 20.05.2021 16:53

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Yes -- a choice between the Janssen, Pfizer and Moderna vaccines must be made when booking a COVID-19 vaccination appointment at the digital registry. The AstraZeneca vaccine is not offered to people under the age of 50.

Additionally, the indications and contraindications might differ somewhat between the vaccines of different manufacturers and in that case the person administering the vaccine will choose the suitable one.

Last updated: 13.05.2021 09:15

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It is possible to get information from your family doctor and through eesti.ee. Information is also available on the Estonian Health Board website www.vaktsineeri.ee.

If you do not have a family doctor, it is possible to contact Margit Toop at the Health Board (telephone: 650 9843, Margit.Toop@terviseamet.ee), or Andrei Petuhhov regarding changing your family doctor if you speak English or Russian (telephone: 794 3572, Andrei.Petuhhov@terviseamet.ee)

More information https://www.terviseamet.ee/et/tervishoid/inimesele/perearsti-valimine-ja-vahetamine (in Estonian) and https://www.haigekassa.ee/perearstile-registreerumine-ja-perearsti-vahetamine (in Estonian).

Last updated: 26.04.2021 09:41

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Clinical research has not provided much information on the safety of the COVID-19 vaccines for pregnant women yet, and the clinical studies are ongoing or only starting. Pfizer/BioNTech has already started studies regarding the effects of its mRNA based vaccines on pregnant women. The plan is to include 4000 pregnant women in the study, and also assess whether the protecting antibodies created by the vaccine protect the newborn as well. The Johnson&Johnson subsidiary Janssen has also begun testing its vaccine on pregnant women, and is planning to include more than 800 pregnant women in their study. The experts of Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommend vaccinating pregnant women as, considering their working mechanisms, the COVID-19 vaccines pose no specific risks to pregnant women.

Vaccinating pregnant women (regardless of the trimester) is also recommended in Estonia. Currently, there is more research data about the mRNA vaccines, and due to that the experts recommend using the mRNA vaccines for vaccinating pregnant women. With the mRNA vaccines used in Estonia -- the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines -- the research thus far has not indicated that they would pose a danger before getting pregnant or during pregnancy. The mRNA vaccines do not contain the live virus causing COVID-19, so vaccination does not bring about COVID-19. The mRNA does not enter the cell nucleus that contains human DNA, thus the mRNA vaccines also do not cause changes in the DNA or other genetic changes.

Assessing the benefits and risks of vaccination means that in each separate case it should be considered how likely it is that the person will come into contact with the SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes COVID-19, what the risk from COVID-19 is to the pregnant woman and the foetus or the newborn, and what information is already known about the vaccine (how well the vaccine protects, what the known side effects are, what limited safety data there already exists on the effects of the vaccine on pregnant women). Consulting a doctor before vaccination is recommended.

Last updated: 20.05.2021 16:25

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Foreigners and patients who do not have insurance will also be vaccinated for free.

There are two options for booking an appointment:

Last updated: 31.05.2021 09:53

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The principles that apply to vaccination in the Defence Forces are the same that apply in the rest of Estonia: vaccinations started with the medical workers and units that are important for the daily functioning of the Defence Forces. The vaccines are the best possibility for conquering the coronavirus and returning to the regular order of life, and the Defence Forces certainly encourage our personnel to get vaccinated. The Defence Forces consider it normal that, due to the goal of our activities -- to maintain the defence capabilities of the state, our staff and servicemen are willing to protect themselves, their companions and close ones by getting vaccinated.

Last updated: 26.04.2021 09:37

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The vaccination certificate is not a basis for travelling abroad but, depending on the requirements of the destination country, may offer an exemption from certain restrictions that the country has enacted (e.g. self-isolation). The requirements of the destination country for entering/determining the requirement to self-isolate need to be taken into account when travelling. Information on the conditions for entry into other countries can be found on the Reisi Targalt website (in Estonian).

Last updated: 27.04.2021 12:48

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The vaccine itself definitely does not contain anything that could cause coronavirus. The vaccine contains only very particular virus particles, not the whole virus.

Thus it is unfortunately unclear where the vaccinated person got the disease. The incubation period of the virus is 2-12 days, so it cannot be ruled out that the person came into contact with the virus more than a week before receiving the first dose of the vaccine, or even on the day of vaccination. It could have taken place at the hospital or any other place that the person happened to be at (public transport, store, elevator, public toilet, and other public places).

Unfortunately five days is not enough time for the vaccine to already offer protection. The test data from the Phase III trials of Pfizer show that infection rates among the vaccinated started to noticeably decrease only 12 days after receiving the first shot. The maximum protection only occurs a week after receiving the second dose.

Last updated: 08.04.2021 16:06

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Starting from March 15, 2021, the recommendation of the state Immunoprophylaxis Expert Committee is to administer the second dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine 12 weeks after the initial dose. Upon agreement with the vaccinator or the vaccinating institution, it is possible to postpone the appointment for receiving the second dose from the initially arranged time to 12 weeks.

Last updated: 23.03.2021 11:20

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Estonia recognises the vaccinations that are recognised by the person’s country of. There is no separate way to register vaccinations received in other countries but the vaccination status of a person does need to be proven on the border.

Last updated: 16.03.2021 16:48

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There is no need to do a SARS-CoV-2 test before vaccination. The vaccination does not have a negative impact on the patient's health condition and being positive for COVID-19 does not lessen the effect of the vaccine.

Last updated: 27.12.2020 17:12

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Vaccinations are voluntary in Estonia and the same will also apply for COVID-19 vaccinations.

At the same time, vaccinating against COVID-19 is recommended and each vaccination will contribute to the normalization of the current situation and, similarly to other vaccinations, makes it possible to also protect those who cannot get vaccinated themselves.

Currently we cannot yet speak about having to provide proof of vaccination when travelling or whether other restrictions could be implemented. These discussions are still in first stages, including at the international and EU level.

Last updated: 27.12.2020 17:13

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Vaccination is voluntary in Estonia. Enabling vaccination in the workplace is one of the possible measures taken by the employer to ensure the safety of the working environment and the protection of the employees´ health, but vaccination cannot be the only way to prevent getting infected with biological risk factors.

If an employee refuses to get vaccinated, the employer can:

  • anticipate and take other measures that can mitigate the risks - for example, additional personal protective equipment, collective protective equipment, etc. The employer therefore has a responsibility primarily to assess whether, for example, the health of the customer service provider and customers can be protected by other measures, such as the obligation to wear a mask, disinfecting hands, using a plexiglass, reducing direct contacts, more frequent surface cleaning and other measures.

  • if necessary, reorganise the work for the specific section of the work or for specific employees. If the parties reach an agreement on the reorganisation of work, the terms of the employment contract (for example, change of duties) can only be changed by agreement of both parties on the basis of § 12 of the Employment Contracts Act.

If the results of the risk assessment of the work environment show that vaccination is particularly important in certain sectors or activities (e.g. health care, nursing homes) and that other measures are not effective enough to protect the health of the employees or clients and patients, then vaccination may be justified.

Vaccination alone may not be helpful in ensuring employee safety, and risk mitigation measures often need to be applied simultaneously.

Last updated: 17.03.2021 17:08

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The employee is generally not obliged to share their health data with the employer, including information about vaccination.

The employer has the right to ask the employee for confirmation that the employee's state of health does not hinder the performance of work duties and does not pose a danger to other employees or customers.

In particular, the employer has the right to ask about the employee's vaccination in justified cases, if the results of the risk assessment of the work environment show that vaccination is one of the possible measures to prevent infection in the given position and to perform work tasks safely in the future.

Although the employer has the right to ask about vaccination in certain cases, the employee has the right to refuse to share the relevant information with the employer.

In a situation where the employer, based on the results of the risk assessment of the work environment, asks the employee for information about their vaccination status or offers vaccination to the employee, but the employee refuses to provide information related to vaccination or refuses to get vaccinated, the employer can:

  • anticipate and take other measures that can mitigate the risks - for example, additional personal protective equipment, collective protective equipment, etc.

  • if necessary, reorganise the work or the part of the task performed by the employee. If the parties reach an agreement on the reorganisation of work, the terms of the employment contract (for example, change of duties) can only be changed by agreement of the parties on the basis of § 12 of the Employment Contracts Act.

If the employer is not reasonably able to reorganise the work or take other measures to effectively mitigate the risks, the employer may have the right to terminate the employment relationship with the employee pursuant to § 88 (1) 2) of the Employment Contracts Act due to unsuitability to perform the tasks.

Last updated: 13.05.2021 09:15

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Starting from February 2, the people who have been vaccinated against the coronavirus, or have had the coronavirus within the last 12 months and been declared recovered by a doctor do not have to self-isolate as a close contact or after crossing the border.

A person who has had the coronavirus or is vaccinated against it must still wear a mask indoors during the next 10 days or cover their nose and mouth if they have been a close contact.

The obligation to wear a mask does not extend to children under the age of 12 or if wearing a mask is not possible due to health considerations, the nature their work or activities, or for some other substantial reason.

Additionally, an asymptomatic close contact who has had the coronavirus or is vaccinated against it must monitor their health closely during the next 10 days and follow the measures enacted by the government and the Health Board to stop the spread of the virus.

Following the measures is necessary as there is still very little scientific information on how probable it is that people who have had the coronavirus or are vaccinated against it can still get infected with or spread COVID-19.

Last updated: 31.05.2021 09:54

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The provider of health care services has an obligation to document a vaccination according to the requirements and forward the data to the Health Information System. If you have been vaccinated in Estonia, it is possible to see your own immunization data and, if necessary, print them out from the Patient Portal digilugu.ee (immunization notification, epicrisis). It is also possible to prove vaccination with an immunization passport, that can be issued on paper by the provider of health care services.

People who have been vaccinated while abroad can prove their vaccination by presenting an immunization passport, its copy, or a relevant certificate, that contains, in Latin or Slavic alphabet and in Estonian, Russian or English, among other things, the data of the person immunized, e.g. the disease against which the immunization was done, the date of the immunization, the immunization agent that was used, its lot number, the dosage administered, how many doses have been administered to the person, and the name and other data of the provider of the immunization. The proof can also be an officially certified printout from a database of another country.

Last updated: 06.07.2021 10:55

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Persons who get vaccinated at their family doctor's office will, upon request, be issued an immunisation passport in paper format by the family doctor. Immunisation passports are issued free of charge.

Many people will already have received an immunisation passport in the past. If you are one of them, please take it with you when you go out to get vaccinated.

Last updated: 26.04.2021 09:41

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If a person gets infected with the COVID-19 disease after receiving the first or the second dose of the vaccine, he can be infectious for up to then days in most cases and has to stay in isolation.

Last updated: 10.03.2021 09:45

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Even though a certain immune protection occurs after receiving the first dose already, it is not enough and that is why it is important to receive both shots of a two dose course. Currently there is not enough research info on whether the second dose could be administered with a vaccine from another manufacturer, which is why the second dose should still be administered with vaccine from the same manufacturer. As it is possible that manufacturing and delivery difficulties occur, the Health Board is storing the quantities of second doses necessary to guarantee the administration of a second dose at a previously agreed upon time.

Last updated: 16.03.2021 16:44

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).