More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).

Vaccination in Estonia

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A COVID-19 booster dose or a third shot is necessary for people over the age of 65, adult residents of care homes, and employees in the fields of health care, social care and education, if more than half a year (six months) have passed since the course of vaccinations. The booster doses are administered with the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine Comirnaty regardless of what vaccine the person received earlier.

Those who have received a complementary dose (including an additional dose and a booster dose) are subject to the same exemptions as currently fully vaccinated persons. This means that if no more than a year has passed since receiving the complementary dose, an asymptomatic person who has received an additional or a booster dose does not have to stay in self-isolation as a close contact or when entering Estonia, may participate in events and activities, eat on the spot at restaurants etc. with a COVID certificate.

Who gets a booster dose and how?

If you meet the above mentioned requirements and at least six months have passed since your last shot:

65+ year olds

  • Contact your family doctor. Booster shots are primarily administered by family doctors. If you are also planning on receiving a free flu vaccine from the family doctor, it is possible to receive both shots on the same day but preferably in different arms.
  • If necessary, you can also get vaccinated in other nearby vaccination locations. Please book an appointment to the nearest vaccinator by phone or the digital registry of the medical institution itself -- it is currently not yet possible to book appointments for a third dose in the national digital registry.
  • Important! Getting COVID-19 is very dangerous at a higher age and a booster dose lowers the risks significantly: according to Israeli data, in the 70+ age group, the infections decrease five times two weeks after receiving the third dose of the vaccine, getting sick decreases 11 times and severe infections almost 20 times.

Adult resident and employee of a care home:

  • The vaccination is generally organised by the care home's provider of nursing services.

Employee in the field of education:

  • The vaccination on school employees is organised by the school nurse who performs the vaccinations herself or directs the employees to the nearest vaccinator. In order to get vaccinated, contact your school nurse who will give you further instructions. NB! If the school nurse directs to the nearest vaccinator, the appointment needs to be booked by phone or from the digital registry of the medical institution. It is currently not yet possible to book appointments for third doses in the national digital registry.
  • The employees of kindergartens, hobby schools and institutions of higher education can turn to the vaccinator of their county to get vaccinated.

Employees in the fields of health care and social care:

  • Health care institutions generally vaccinate their staff themselves or direct them to the vaccinator of their county to get vaccinated.
  • The employees in the field of social care can turn to the vaccinator of their county to get vaccinated.

For people with immune deficiency the booster dose means a fourth shot which should be administered when at least half a year has passed since the additional or third dose of the COVID-19 vaccine -- consult your doctor about the necessity of a booster shot.

Based on current knowledge, a booster dose is not necessary for people who have recovered from COVID-19 and have been vaccinated with one or two doses, and people who have been infected repeatedly.

Booster doses are also administered to other adults (starting from 18 years of age) who want them but no sooner than after eight months have passed since the end of the primary course of vaccinations. The booster shot can be received in the nearest vaccination location (see: vaktsineeri.ee).

What are the most common side effects of a booster dose or a third shot?

The post-vaccination reactions are similar to the side effects of the second dose: in the clinical studies, the most common were pain in the injection site and fatigue, less common were headache, muscle and joint pain and chills.

Last updated: 19.10.2021 14:24

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A vaccination appointment can be booked:

  • at the digital registry at http://www.digilugu.ee
  • by calling 1247 (every day between 08.00 and 20.00)
  • at a pharmacy: find a pharmacy closest to you and book an appointment at the web page vaktsineeriapteegis.ee (in Estonian)
  • by calling the registry of the local hospital or medical institution.

It is also possible to get immunised without prior registration in vaccination buses and vaccination points. You can find all the options in different towns and counties from the web page vaktsineeri.ee -- locations that have no prior booking requirement have a green label "without registration".

Within the limits of Tallinn, a group of at least ten adults have the option of ordering a vaccine ambulance for themselves. The service can be ordered by sending an e-mail to ltkhvak@keskhaigla.ee. The query must contain an address where the ambulance is ordered, a date, the desired time of day, the number of people who want to get vaccinated (10 at minimum) and their personal identification codes. The vaccination ambulance team will contact the person who submitted the order to agree upon the exact time.

The location of vaccination is not connected to a person's official place of residence: everyone can book an appointment and go to get vaccinated in an area suitable to them all across Estonia. A booking for a minor must be done by his legal representative.

In addition to hospitals and private health care service providers it is possible to get vaccinated at schools (more information: vaktsineeri.ee (in Estonian). The elderly and people in risk groups also continue to be vaccinated by family doctors.

Make certain to be on time for your vaccination appointment or let the vaccinating institution know at first chance if you will not be able to go to your agreed upon vaccination for some reason.

If you need further counselling on COVID-19 vaccinations, we recommend that you consult with your family doctor or call the Family Doctor's Advice Line 1220 or 634 66 30. The calls are answered by medical professionals 24/7. Advice is given in Estonian and Russian (advice in English every day between 15.00 and 17.00).

Last updated: 27.09.2021 19:05

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Yes, an unvaccinated person may keep going to work if the employer's risk analysis has reached the conclusion that the risk related to the spread of the virus have been lowered sufficiently with other pre-emptive measures like the use of personal protective equipment (e.g. a mask, a visor, a protective glass), reorganisation of work (e.g. dispersion, distance work) or regular testing of employees.

If the risk analysis has established that vaccination against the coronavirus is necessary for carrying out the professional duties safely and it is not possible to lower the risks with other measures or reorganise the work in any other way, the employer, in substantiated cases, has the right to issue a warning to the person, explain the possible consequences and as a last resort, to cancel the employment contract extraordinarily.

The employer, on the other hand, can help the employees to find answers to different vaccination-related questions and lower their fears by inviting expert-lectors to talk at the company. If there is a sufficient number of those who want it, it is also possible to organise vaccination on the spot. More information: vaktsineeri.ee.

More information on lowering the risks in a working environment during the COVID-19 pandemic can be found from the Tööelu (Work Life) portal (in Estonian).

Last updated: 22.10.2021 19:06

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Employers can use the Estonian Health Insurance Fund both to get information about the vaccination rate among the employees in their organisation and to invite vaccinators and counsellors to come to the spot:

  1. It is possible to ask the Estonian Health Insurance Fund about vaccination coverage among one's employees. Information is issued to organisations that have at least 30 employees. In order to get the information, write to vaktsineerimine@haigekassa.ee.
  2. An employer can invite vaccinators to come to them if at least five persons want to get vaccinated. In order to agree upon a vaccination, write to vaktsineerimine@haigekassa.ee.
  3. It is possible to invite an expert lecturer (doctors, nurses, medical students who have passed the immunology course and the elective course on vaccination) to the company to give an overview of the vaccines and answer questions. The service is paid for by the Health Insurance Fund. Apply for this by writing to vaktsineerimine@haigekassa.ee. Inviting a lecturer does not bring any costs to the employer but there should be at least five people who are interested.

What does a meeting with a vaccination expert lecturer look like?

A meeting with an expert lecturer lasts for about 30 to 45 minutes. The following topics are covered:

  • The body's (immune system's) response to a viral infection
  • Vaccination vs. viral infection, side effects of vaccines, diseases that can be avoided with vaccination
  • The nature of the COVID vaccines
  • Opinions and myths related to vaccination
  • How COVID vaccinations are conducted (who is vaccinating, where to find information etc.)
  • In the second half of the meeting, the expert lecturer answers the questions of the participants.

Online, it is also possible to watch information sessions on COVID-19 vaccination that took place on September 27 and where doctors and top experts of the field answered the most common questions. The information session in Estonian, the information session in Russian, and the information session in Estonian with simultaneous interpretation into English can be found in the YouTube channel of the Ministry of Social Affairs.

Information on vaccination locations, county level vaccination coordinators, the vaccines, their effects and more common myths can be found on the web page vaktsineeri.ee.

Last updated: 14.10.2021 14:06

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Vaccination appointments (1st dose) booked through the digital registry and the call centre can be changed and cancelled in the national digital registry.

The appointment for the second dose is given by the vaccinator. We recommend definitely keeping that appointment. If there is an urgent need to change the time of administering the second dose (illness, becoming a close contact etc.), it is necessary to contact the medical institution that administered the first dose and ask if it is possible to find a new time slot. If this medical institution does not perform vaccinations at other times anymore or it is not possible to book a new appointment for other reasons, the previous appointment needs to be cancelled there (by phone or e-mail) and a new appointment for a second dose needs to be found by calling medical institutions directly.

It is possible to find the medical institutions performing vaccinations from the map at https://vaktsineeri.ee/en/covid-19/getting-a-vaccination/. It is also possible to turn to the state information line 1247 which aids people in finding a suitable medical institution and its contacts.

Last updated: 26.07.2021 11:44

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All residents of Estonia over the age of 12 can get vaccinated.

An appointment for a COVID-19 vaccination can be booked at the Patient Portal digilugu.ee, on the web page vaktsineeriapteegis.ee (in Estonian), from the state helpline 1247, and the registries of local hospitals and medical institutions. At the digital register an appointment for a minor must be booked by a parent or a guardian.

It is also possible to get vaccinated against the coronavirus at schools:

  • in general education schools and vocational schools the vaccination is organised by school nurses who, in addition to vaccinating students, are also authorised to vaccinate the staff and, if necessary, other members of the community.
  • the school nurse can organise the vaccination herself in the schools, include a health care service provider, or organise it so that the persons getting vaccinated arrive at the regional vaccination center.
  • as with other vaccinations, minors are vaccinated at educational institutions only with the consent of a parent or a guardian.

More information: vaktsineeri.ee/vaktsineerimine-koolides (in Estonian).

You can find information on different vaccination options from the web page vaktsineeri.ee. If you need further counselling in order to make a decision about the COVID-19 vaccination, we recommend consulting with your family doctor or calling the Family Doctor's Advice Line 1220 or 634 66 30. Calls are answered by medical professionals 24/7. Advice is provided in Estonian and Russian (in English every day between 15.00 and 17.00).

Last updated: 23.09.2021 15:14

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If you have already received one dose of the vaccine before you got infected, the necessity of a second shot depends on the moment you fell ill:

  • if you got COVID-19 within two weeks of receiving the first dose, the recommendation is to administer one dose of the vaccine on the sixth month after recovery. After this the course of vaccinations is considered completed. Before receiving the second dose, if necessary, a person can prove their infection risk status with a COVID-19 recovery certificate which is valid if less than 180 days have passed since the positive test result (PCR test).
  • if you got COVID-19 more than two weeks after receiving the shot, it is no longer necessary to administer the second shot and the course of vaccinations is considered completed.

In both cases it should be kept in mind that the vaccination status does not change automatically on the digital COVID certificates, rather a certificate needs to be created again after the health care service provider has entered the information proving recovery (for instance, a positive PCR test result). If there are any questions about the information on the COVID certificate created, you can turn to the user support line of the Health and Welfare Information Systems Centre +372 794 3943 (7.00 to 22.00) or from the e-mail abi@tehik.ee.

If there is an unavoidable need (due to travel restrictions in certain countries etc.) a doctor can administer a person who has recovered from COVID-19 a second dose as well if the person wishes (the minimum time between the two doses is the interval determined in the summary of vaccine properties).

Last updated: 01.10.2021 17:31

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The vaccine against tick-borne encephalitis (the so-called tick vaccine):

  • The interval between the COVID-19 vaccine and the vaccine against tick-borne encephalitis should be 14 days.

Flu vaccine:

  • There in no fixed interval of time that should be left between the COVID-19 vaccine and the flu vaccine. The vaccines can be received on the same day as well, but in orde to identify possible reactions, the shots should be administered to different arms.

Last updated: 23.09.2021 15:34

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In the current stage of vaccination it neither possible nor justified to change the vaccine during the course, thus the first recommendation is to finish the course of vaccination with the same vaccine.

All vaccines in use in Estonia help with the known COVID-19 strains, including the delta strain but it is important that a person has received a full course of vaccination. At a decision of a doctor it might, in certain cases and if it is organisationally possible, be justified to administer a second dose with an mRNA vaccine even if the course was started with the Astra Zeneca vaccine.

Last updated: 21.06.2021 15:44

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No, you cannot. The digital COVID-19 health certificates confirm the veracity of the information in the Estonian health information system. The Estonian health information system cannot confirm vaccinations performed or tests done abroad and in order to get the corresponding certificate you should turn to the institution where the vaccination or the test was done.

Last updated: 21.06.2021 14:45

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Yes, it is. For this you need to be issued a certificate about the first vaccination, and book yourself an appointment for receiving the second dose at the digital registry or by calling the state helpline 1247 (+372 600 1247).

You should still keep in mind the interval between the two doses of the different vaccines:

  • the Pfizer/BioNTech (Comirnaty) vaccine: 6 weeks (maximum protection is achieved 7 days after the second dose)
  • the Moderna (Spikevax) vaccine: 4 weeks (maximum protection is achieved 14 days after the second dose)
  • the Astra Zeneca (Vaxzevria) vaccine: 12 weeks (maximum protection is achieved 15 days after the second dose)

Last updated: 23.09.2021 15:00

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Estonians and foreigners who have an Estonian personal identification code for whom it is not possible to log into the Patient Portal for technical reasons or who cannot create the EU COVID certificates in the Patient Portal, can submit an application for that in all service bureaus of the Social Insurance Board.

In order to create the certificate, the people who turn to the Social Insurance Board must have:

  • an Estonian personal identification code and an identification document
  • the vaccine must have been administered in Estonia

Everyone who wishes to receive a certificate can fill out an application (DOCX) in advance and print it out. An application that has either been filled out in advance or on the spot must be submitted to a suitable service bureau of the Social Insurance Board and an EU COVID certificate will be sent to the person's e-mail address within three working days from that. Even though a vaccination certificate can already be created after one vaccination, in order to participate in different events and activities in Estonia, the course of vaccinations has to be completed. The service is free of charge for everyone. More info from the web page of the Social Insurance Board.

If a person does not have the possibility to print out the certificate or display it from a smartphone, they also have the opportunity, for instance, to turn to the local library. This, however, requires a working ID card and PIN codes. If necessary, a person can also be assisted by the social worker of the local municipality.

If the PIN codes of the ID card are expired or lost, it is possible to apply for a new username and password from the service offices of the Police and Border Guard Board. The service costs 5 Euros.

Last updated: 23.09.2021 15:32

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  • If a person cannot get vaccinated due to medical reasons i.e. she has a contraindication to vaccination (e.g. she has anaphylaxis or a strong allergic reaction to some ingredient of the vaccine, has had capillary leak syndrome in the past etc.), it is possible for her to use a certificate of negative test result in order to participate in activities. Contraindication to COVID-19 vaccination is documented by a family doctor or a treating specialist with the international disease classification (RHK-10) code intended for that and that is the basis for free testing at a health care service provider with a referral from a family doctor or the Family Doctor's Advice (1220 or +372 634 6630). If testing is organised in some other way than at a health care service provider, it is a paid service.

  • If a person can get neither vaccinated nor tested due to medical reasons, a family doctor or a treating specialist can issue a certificate based on which she can participate in activities. It has to be taken into account that the certificate is valid nationally, and in other countries the restrictions and requirements in force there should be adhered to. If a person travelling has a very rare (and medically proven) combined contraindication to both testing and vaccination, she has to stay in a 10 day self-isolation after arriving from a risk country. It is very strongly recommended that they also use personal protective equipment, e.g. an FFP2 or FFP3 respirator, when participating in activities.

  • If a person cannot get tested due to medical reasons (e.g. he has a specific facial trauma), it is possible to get vaccinated and participate in activities with a COVID immunisation certificate (either the paper based immunisation passport or a digital certificate).

Starting from October 25, 2021:

  • If a person cannot get vaccinated for medical reasons, i.e. vaccination is contraindicated to him (e.g. he has anaphylaxis or a strong allergic reaction to a component of the vaccine, a previously occurred capillary leak syndrome etc.), they can use a certificate issued by a doctor to participate in activities. A contraindication to COVID-19 vaccination is established by a doctor who documents it with an international disease classification (ICD-10) code, on the basis of which she can issue a paper certificate.

It should be noted that it is only possible to use the abovementioned doctor's certificate to participate in activities within the country. In other countries you have to act according to the restrictions and requirements in force there. People who cannot get vaccinated for medical reasons are urgently recommended to also use personal protective equipment, e.g. a FFP2 or FFP3 respirator, while participating in activities, in order to reduce the infection risk.

Last updated: 22.10.2021 14:28

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Vaccinations can be administered by those doctors, nurses and midwives who have completed a basic training on immunization and refresher training within the previous five years.

Estonia has an agreement with the coronavirus vaccine manufacturers that the vaccines are delivered to the Health Board where the necessary vaccine storage conditions (including extremely low temperatures and following of the cold-chain requirements) are guaranteed. The Health Board organises the national distribution of the COVID-19 vaccines to the vaccination locations according to the vaccine distribution plan. Transport is guaranteed in a way that does not necessitate the creation of new and irregular storage conditions in vaccination locations. Even the most high maintenance vaccines can be stored in regular conditions for five days.

In 2021, the vaccination against the coronavirus is free to all Estonian residents (including those who are not covered by health insurance), persons who are in Estonia with a study, residence or work permit and European Union citizens staying here longer. Vaccination is voluntary.

More information on where and how to get vaccinated can be found on the web page vaktsineeri.ee:.

Last updated: 22.09.2021 12:24

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Yes -- a choice between the Janssen, Pfizer and Moderna vaccines must be made when booking a COVID-19 vaccination appointment at the digital registry. The AstraZeneca vaccine is not offered to people under the age of 50.

Additionally, the indications and contraindications might differ somewhat between the vaccines of different manufacturers and in that case the person administering the vaccine will choose the suitable one.

Last updated: 13.05.2021 09:15

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Information on the different vaccines used in Estonia and the organisation of the vaccination can be found on the web page vaktsineeri.ee.

If you do not have a family doctor but need further counselling on the COVID-19 vaccination or you have questions, you can call the Family Doctor's Advice Line 1220 or 634 66 30. The calls are answered by medical professionals 24/7. Advice is provided in Estonian and Russian (in English every day from 15.00 to 17.00).

Last updated: 23.09.2021 14:45

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Yes. The protection that the vaccine offers against getting sick outweighs all the risks related to getting vaccinated, including for women who are planning to get pregnant, are pregnant or breastfeeding:

  • if a woman who is pregnant gets infected, it increases the risk of both premature labour and the probability that the woman ends up needing intensive care. Vaccination reduces these risks considerably.
  • if a breastfeeding mother is vaccinated, the child will also obtain somewhat of a protection against COVID-19.

There is no biological reason why corona vaccines should be unsafe for pregnant women, foetuses or children who are being breastfed. This is also supported by animal tests in which multiplied vaccine doses administered to rats did not bring about any direct or indirect harm to pregnancy, the development of the foetus, birth or the postnatal period.

The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO), where the Society of Estonian Gyneacologists is also a member, supports vaccinating pregnant and breastfeeding mothers against COVID-19, accounting also for the risk of infection, the size of the pregnancy, the health condition of the mother etc.

If you need further counselling to make a COVID-19 vaccination decision, we recommend consulting with your family doctor or calling the Family Doctor's Advice Line 1220 or 634 66 30. The calls are answered by medical professionals 24/7. Advice is given in Estonian and Russian (advice in English every day between 15.00 and 17.00).

Last updated: 22.09.2021 20:11

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Vaccination is free in Estonia for:

  • foreigners who do not have an Estonian personal identification code but are here with a residency, study or work permit
  • European Union citizens staying here for longer who have a valid European Health Insurance Card.

Tourists temporarily visiting the country cannot get vaccinated in Estonia.

Last updated: 13.10.2021 10:17

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The principles that apply to vaccination in the Defence Forces are the same that apply in the rest of Estonia: vaccinations started with the medical workers and units that are important for the daily functioning of the Defence Forces. The vaccines are the best possibility for conquering the coronavirus and returning to the regular order of life, and the Defence Forces certainly encourage our personnel to get vaccinated. The Defence Forces consider it normal that, due to the goal of our activities -- to maintain the defence capabilities of the state, our staff and servicemen are willing to protect themselves, their companions and close ones by getting vaccinated.

Refusing vaccination means that regular restrictions in force in the country must be taken into account. Furthermore, additional restrictions might be enacted with a decree of the Commander of the Defence Forces, applying to the service and movement in the unit and outside of the territory of the unit, in order to prevent the spread of the disease. Each time when people who have not been vaccinated leave the unit, they must do a COVID-19 rapid test upon returning.

Last updated: 26.07.2021 11:46

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A valid vaccination certificate is not a basis for travelling abroad but, depending on the requirements of the destination country, may offer an exemption from certain restrictions that the country has enacted (e.g. self-isolation).

The requirements of the destination country for entering, the conditions for the self-isolation obligation, and restrictions in force on the spot need to be taken into account when travelling. Information on the conditions for entry into other countries can be found on the Reisi Targalt website (in Estonian).

Last updated: 27.09.2021 19:09

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The vaccine itself definitely does not contain anything that could cause coronavirus. The vaccine contains only very particular virus particles, not the whole virus.

Thus it is unfortunately unclear where the vaccinated person got the disease. The incubation period of the virus is 2-12 days, so it cannot be ruled out that the person came into contact with the virus more than a week before receiving the first dose of the vaccine, or even on the day of vaccination. It could have taken place at the hospital or any other place that the person happened to be at (public transport, store, elevator, public toilet, and other public places).

Unfortunately five days is not enough time for the vaccine to already offer protection. The test data from the Phase III trials of Pfizer show that infection rates among the vaccinated started to noticeably decrease only 12 days after receiving the first shot. The maximum protection only occurs a week after receiving the second dose.

Last updated: 08.04.2021 16:06

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Starting from March 15, 2021, the recommendation of the state Immunoprophylaxis Expert Committee is to administer the second dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine 12 weeks after the initial dose. Upon agreement with the vaccinator or the vaccinating institution, it is possible to postpone the appointment for receiving the second dose from the initially arranged time to 12 weeks.

Last updated: 23.03.2021 11:20

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Estonia recognises the vaccinations that are recognised by the person’s country of. There is no separate way to register vaccinations received in other countries but the vaccination status of a person does need to be proven on the border.

Last updated: 16.03.2021 16:48

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It is not necessary to do a corona test before vaccination. It is, however, necessary to come to the vaccination healthy. Postpone the vaccination temporarily if you are currently suffering from a fever, have COVID-19 or have been a close contact.

Last updated: 23.09.2021 15:40

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Yes, vaccinations are voluntary in Estonia and the same also applies for the vaccination against COVID-19.

At the same time, it is highly recommended to get immunised against the coronavirus as vaccination reduces severe illness and hospitalisations, makes it possible to also protect those who cannot get vaccinated themselves, and is probably the only real solution for turning back to our regular order of life.

Information on where and how to get vaccinated can be found on the web page vaktsineeri.ee. If you need further counselling to make a COVID-19 vaccination decision, we recommend consulting with your family doctor or calling the Family Doctor's Advice Line 1220 or 634 66 30. The calls are answered by medical professionals 24/7. Advice is given in Estonian and Russian (advice in English every day between 15.00 and 17.00).

Last updated: 22.09.2021 19:57

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Vaccination is voluntary in Estonia. Enabling vaccination in the workplace is one of the possible measures taken by the employer to ensure the safety of the working environment and the protection of the employees´ health, but vaccination cannot be the only way to prevent getting infected with biological risk factors.

If an employee refuses to get vaccinated, the employer can:

  • anticipate and take other measures that can mitigate the risks - for example, additional personal protective equipment, collective protective equipment, etc. The employer therefore has a responsibility primarily to assess whether, for example, the health of the customer service provider and customers can be protected by other measures, such as the obligation to wear a mask, disinfecting hands, using a plexiglass, reducing direct contacts, more frequent surface cleaning and other measures.

  • if necessary, reorganise the work for the specific section of the work or for specific employees. If the parties reach an agreement on the reorganisation of work, the terms of the employment contract (for example, change of duties) can only be changed by agreement of both parties on the basis of § 12 of the Employment Contracts Act.

If the results of the risk assessment of the work environment show that vaccination is particularly important in certain sectors or activities (e.g. health care, nursing homes) and that other measures are not effective enough to protect the health of the employees or clients and patients, then vaccination may be justified.

Vaccination alone may not be helpful in ensuring employee safety, and risk mitigation measures often need to be applied simultaneously.

Last updated: 17.03.2021 17:08

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The employee is generally not obliged to share their health data with the employer, including information about vaccination.

The employer has the right to ask the employee for confirmation that the employee's state of health does not hinder the performance of work duties and does not pose a danger to other employees or customers.

In particular, the employer has the right to ask about the employee's vaccination in justified cases, if the results of the risk assessment of the work environment show that vaccination is one of the possible measures to prevent infection in the given position and to perform work tasks safely in the future.

Although the employer has the right to ask about vaccination in certain cases, the employee has the right to refuse to share the relevant information with the employer.

In a situation where the employer, based on the results of the risk assessment of the work environment, asks the employee for information about their vaccination status or offers vaccination to the employee, but the employee refuses to provide information related to vaccination or refuses to get vaccinated, the employer can:

  • anticipate and take other measures that can mitigate the risks - for example, additional personal protective equipment, collective protective equipment, etc.

  • if necessary, reorganise the work or the part of the task performed by the employee. If the parties reach an agreement on the reorganisation of work, the terms of the employment contract (for example, change of duties) can only be changed by agreement of the parties on the basis of § 12 of the Employment Contracts Act.

If the employer is not reasonably able to reorganise the work or take other measures to effectively mitigate the risks, the employer may have the right to terminate the employment relationship with the employee pursuant to § 88 (1) 2) of the Employment Contracts Act due to unsuitability to perform the tasks.

If a company has more than 30 employees, it is possible for an employer to make a query to the Health Board about vaccine coverage in its company. An application for that needs to be sent to vaktsineerimine@haigekassa.ee. In order to protect personal information, the Health Board only gives out information in a limited form and one of three possible options are forwarded as a reply: 1) less than 50%, 2) the exact percentage if the vaccination coverage is in the range of 50-80%, 3) more than 80%.

Last updated: 08.09.2021 15:30

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It is not obligatory to stay in quarantine as a close contact or after crossing the border for asymptomatic people who are:

  • vaccinated, i.e. completed the course of vaccinations against COVID-19, achieved maximum protection after the last dose of the vaccine, and no more than one year has passed since the last dose of the vaccine
  • recovered from COVID-19, and no more than 180 days have passed since the SARS-CoV-2 test that confirmed the diagnosis or the date of confirming the diagnosis
  • considered the same as vaccinated, i.e. have received one dose of the vaccine after recovery from COVID-19, achieved maximum protection after the vaccine dose, and no more than one year has passed from the last dose of the vaccine; or who have been infected with COVID-19 in between two doses of the vaccine (no sooner than two weeks after the first shot), have recovered from COVID-19 and no more than one year has passed since the SARS-CoV-2 test that confirmed the diagnosis or the date of confirming the diagnosis.

It is still obligatory for a person who has been vaccinated against COVID-19, recovered from the disease or considered the same as vaccinated to wear a mask or cover one's nose and mouth indoors within 10 days of having been a close contact. The obligation to does not extend to children under the age of 12 or if wearing a mask is not possible for health reasons, due to the nature of a job or activity or for other substantial reasons.

Additionally, an asymptomatic close contact who has had the coronavirus or is vaccinated against it must monitor their health closely during the next 10 days and follow the measures enacted by the government and the Health Board to stop the spread of the virus.

Following the measures is necessary as there is still very little scientific information on how probable it is that people who have had the coronavirus or are vaccinated against it can still get infected with or spread COVID-19.

Last updated: 27.09.2021 19:03

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Vaccinated in Estonia

If you have been vaccinated in Estonia, you can go to the Patient Portal digilugu.ee to create a digital COVID certificate that meets the European Union standards and can be used both as a printout and in a smart device.

The course of vaccinations is considered completed and the certificate valid from the time of achieving maximum protection according to the instructions of the particular manufacturer:

  • for the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine Comirnaty, 7 calendar days from the second dose of the vaccine;
  • for the AstraZeneca vaccine Vaxzevria, 15 calendar days from the second dose of the vaccine;
  • for the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, 14 calendar days from the second dose of the vaccine;
  • for the Janssen COVID-19 vaccine, 14 calendar days after one dose of the vaccine.

People who have received an additional vaccine dose after completing the course, and no more than one year has passed since the additional dose, are equated to a vaccinated person.

Vaccinated in other countries

Estonia recognizes those vaccinations that are recognized by the country of origin (including also e.g. Sputnik V, Sputnik Lite, Sinovac, Sinopharm etc.). The course of vaccinations is considered completed and the certificate valid from the time of achieving maximum protection according to the instructions of the particular manufacturer (e.g. 21 days after the second dose of the vaccine for Sputnik V). People who have received an additional vaccine dose after completing the course, and no more than one year has passed since the additional dose, are equated to a vaccinated person.

Suitable for proving vaccination:

  • an immunisation passport, a copy of it or a relevant certificate (including a digital COVID-19 vaccination certificate that meets the EU requirements);
  • an officially certified printout from a database of another country;
  • a paper immunisation passport that a health care service provide can provide upon request;

The document proving vaccination in another country must be in Latin or Slavic alphabet, in Estonian, Russian or English and contain the following information:

  • the disease against which the immunisation was done;
  • the date of immunisation;
  • the vaccine medicinal product that was used;
  • how many doses have been administered to the person;
  • the data of the issuer of the certificate.

Last updated: 18.10.2021 12:51

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Persons who get vaccinated at their family doctor's office will, upon request, be issued an immunisation passport in paper format by the family doctor.

Many people will already have received an immunisation passport in the past. If you are one of them, please take it with you when you go out to get vaccinated.

Last updated: 10.08.2021 16:40

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If a person gets infected with the COVID-19 disease after receiving the first or the second dose of the vaccine, he can be infectious for up to then days in most cases and has to stay in isolation.

Last updated: 10.03.2021 09:45

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).