More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).

Vaccination plan and risk groups

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Vaccination will be postponed if the patient is severely ill with COVID-19.

Having had COVID-19 or seropositivity (i.e if there already is a determinable amount of antibodies in the blood) is not a contraindication to vaccination:

People who have had COVID-19 should be vaccinated with only one dose of the vaccine, preferably in the sixth month after recovery. After that the course of vaccination should be considered completed. Even if more than 6 months have passed since recovery, only one dose of the vaccine should be administered in order to ensure long-term protection.

People who get COVID-19 after receiving the first dose of the vaccine will not be administered the second dose and are considered vaccinated for the following six months.

Last updated: 11.08.2021 12:29

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The COVID-19 vaccines are procured by the state and are currently not attainable for a payment in Estonia. Until the end of 2021, the vaccinations will be free for all Estonian people, including for persons not covered by health insurance, and foreign nationals living and/or working in Estonia. If at some point the vaccines also reach the private market, it would be possible to get vaccinated by paying for it but that is very unlikely to happen in the near future, considering the huge demand in the whole world.

Last updated: 27.04.2021 12:40

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Starting from April 26, 2021, the providers of nursing services are providing at-home vaccinations for those people for whom it is complicated to move to the family doctor, or who have a serious condition that makes them unable to go to get vaccinated by themselves.

The vaccination is free of charge for a person and vaccinations will start with people who are 60 years old and older.

The family doctor should definitely be notified about possible obstacles to going to get vaccinated, including about the need to receive the vaccination at home. The family doctor will add the persons who need to be vaccinated at home to a list and will then forward this information to the provider of nursing services.

The provider of nursing services will contact the person receiving the vaccine and arrange a time.

The vaccine used is the COVID-19 vaccine of the Johnson&Johnson subsidiary Janssen, as that vaccine only requires one shot to complete the course of vaccinations.

Along with a person at home who has mobility issues, it is also possible to vaccinate the caretakers of that person.

Last updated: 13.05.2021 09:16

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The contraindications to the vaccine are hypersensitivity to the active ingredient or the exipients of the vaccine.

  • Being recovered from COVID-19 or seropositivity are not contraindications for vaccinations. People who have had COVID-19 should be vaccinated with only one dose of the vaccine, preferably in the sixth month after recovery. After that the course of vaccination should be considered completed. Even if more than 6 months have passed since recovery, only one dose of the vaccine should be administered in order to ensure long-term protection.
  • For people suffering from severe frailty syndrome, are in a very bad general condition or nearing the end of their life, even mild side effects (e.g. fever, nausea and vomiting) can have an adverse effect and fasten the arrival of death. If a person's life expectancy is shorter than the period of protection received with the vaccine, it is not feasible to vaccinate that person. The costs and benefits of vaccinating a person like that need to be evaluated very carefully and on an individual basis.
  • Close contacts may be vaccinated against COVID-19 after the quarantine period ends.
  • Pregnancy. There is limited experience with using the COVID-19 vaccines on pregnant women. The animal testing does not show any direct or indirect adverse effect on the pregnancy, the development of the embryo/foetus, birth or postnatal development. Administering the COVID-19 vaccine during pregnancy should be considered only in a situation where the possible benefits outweigh the possible risk to the mother and the foetus.
  • Breast feeding. It is not known whether the COVID-19 excrete into breast milk.
  • Fertility. Animal tests do not show direct or indirect adverse effects on fertility.
  • Hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis. People who experienced anaphylaxis after receiving the first dose of vaccine cannot be administered the second dose.
  • Concurrent disease. Vaccination must be postponed for all persons suffering from severe diseases with high fever or acute infection. It is not necessary to postpone vaccinations for people who have a mild infection and/or small fever.
  • Thrombocytopenia and coagulation disorders. The COVID-19 vaccine must be carefully administered to people who are receiving anticoagulation treatments or who have thrombocytopenia or other coagulation disorders (e.g. haemophilia), as bleeding or bruising might occur for them after an intramuscular injection.
  • People who have immunodeficiency. The effectiveness, safety and immunogenicity of the vaccine have not been evaluated on people who have immune deficiency. The effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccine might be smaller for people with immunodeficiency.

Last updated: 11.08.2021 12:30

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Oncological diseases are not contraindicated for vaccination. Vaccination is particularly indicated for oncological patients as they have a very high risk of severe progression of the COVID-19 disease. All vaccines in use in Estonia are suitable for vaccinating oncological patients.

A person who has only a benign tumour does not belong in the risk group, for that there would need to be additional indicators like, for instance, age. The final decision is, of course, left to the family doctor who can take into account the person's current state of health, as it can change.

Last updated: 17.03.2021 17:08

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If the foreign country allows vaccinating Estonian citizens there, the Estonian citizen working abroad has the possibility to get vaccinated there. Vaccination is also possible in Estonia, in accordance with the vaccination plan.

Last updated: 04.05.2021 08:57

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In addition to vaccinating people in risk groups, the family doctor also has the possibility to vaccinate the carers of people in risk groups or people who live in the same household as a person in a risk group. Vaccinating the carer is definitely necessary if, for instance, it is not possible to vaccinate the person in a risk group himself.

Starting from April 2021, the one-dose Janssen vaccine that has arrived in Estonia is making it possible to vaccinate the people who cannot go to the family health centre themselves. These vaccinations are carried out by home nurses. In the course of a home visit, the home nurses can also vaccinate the carers and household members of a risk group person.

Last updated: 30.04.2021 11:46

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The list of people in the risk group also includes those people who are currently not covered by health insurance. The goal is to vaccinate all persons who live in the country and from the vaccination perspective the health insurance makes no difference. The list of people in the risk group includes patients with certain diseases.

Last updated: 16.03.2021 16:39

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).