More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).

Vaccines

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There are several reasons why you should get vaccinated against the coronavirus:

  • The progression of COVID-19 is unpredictable and it can damage the health and quality of life of both a younger and an older person for a long time: for instace, on average 7% of those infected need hospitalisation, the mortality of patients who end up in a hospital is 14%, many who survive develop permanent health problems.
  • According to the data of Krista Fischer, a member of the Scientific Advisory Board and the professor of Mathematical Statistics at the University of Tartu, vaccinated people have a four times smaller chance of getting infected with the coronavirus than unvaccinated people.
  • All vaccines available in Estonia reduce severe infections and hospitalisations: an unvaccinated person has an 8 times bigger chance of severe progession if they get infected with COVID-19.
  • Those who have recovered from the disease and then gotten vaccinated have a 20 times smaller chance of getting infected again.
  • Every vaccinated person counts -- this way we are proctecting the weakest among us who cannot get vaccinated due to their health condition. These can be our parents, children, friends, aquaintances, or simply people we pass on the street. Vaccinating is caring.
  • The life of a vaccinated person is freer and more comfortable: if you have completed your course of vaccinations you can use the EU digital certificate to conveniently go to events, cultural establishments, restaurants, sports clubs and elsewhere where restrictions are in force.
  • A vaccinated person does not have to stay in self-isolation after entering Estonia or as a close contact (if she is not symptomatic and less than a year has passed from the last dose). Those who are recovered from COVID-19 are released from the requirement to isolate for six months starting from recovery.

Vaccinating against the coronavirus is probably the only sustainable and real solution in order return to the regular order of life. The contribution of each person is important for stopping the COVID-19 pandemic.

Last updated: 01.10.2021 13:45

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A vaccination appointment can be booked:

  • at the digital registry at http://www.digilugu.ee
  • by calling 1247 (every day between 08.00 and 20.00)
  • at a pharmacy: find a pharmacy closest to you and book an appointment at the web page vaktsineeriapteegis.ee (in Estonian)
  • by calling the registry of the local hospital or medical institution.

It is also possible to get immunised without prior registration in vaccination buses and vaccination points. You can find all the options in different towns and counties from the web page vaktsineeri.ee -- locations that have no prior booking requirement have a green label "without registration".

Within the limits of Tallinn, a group of at least ten adults have the option of ordering a vaccine ambulance for themselves. The service can be ordered by sending an e-mail to ltkhvak@keskhaigla.ee. The query must contain an address where the ambulance is ordered, a date, the desired time of day, the number of people who want to get vaccinated (10 at minimum) and their personal identification codes. The vaccination ambulance team will contact the person who submitted the order to agree upon the exact time.

The location of vaccination is not connected to a person's official place of residence: everyone can book an appointment and go to get vaccinated in an area suitable to them all across Estonia. A booking for a minor must be done by his legal representative.

In addition to hospitals and private health care service providers it is possible to get vaccinated at schools (more information: vaktsineeri.ee (in Estonian). The elderly and people in risk groups also continue to be vaccinated by family doctors.

Make certain to be on time for your vaccination appointment or let the vaccinating institution know at first chance if you will not be able to go to your agreed upon vaccination for some reason.

If you need further counselling on COVID-19 vaccinations, we recommend that you consult with your family doctor or call the Family Doctor's Advice Line 1220 or 634 66 30. The calls are answered by medical professionals 24/7. Advice is given in Estonian and Russian (advice in English every day between 15.00 and 17.00).

Last updated: 27.09.2021 19:05

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If you have already received one dose of the vaccine before you got infected, the necessity of a second shot depends on the moment you fell ill:

  • if you got COVID-19 within two weeks of receiving the first dose, the recommendation is to administer one dose of the vaccine on the sixth month after recovery. After this the course of vaccinations is considered completed. Before receiving the second dose, if necessary, a person can prove their infection risk status with a COVID-19 recovery certificate which is valid if less than 180 days have passed since the positive test result (PCR test).
  • if you got COVID-19 more than two weeks after receiving the shot, it is no longer necessary to administer the second shot and the course of vaccinations is considered completed.

In both cases it should be kept in mind that the vaccination status does not change automatically on the digital COVID certificates, rather a certificate needs to be created again after the health care service provider has entered the information proving recovery (for instance, a positive PCR test result). If there are any questions about the information on the COVID certificate created, you can turn to the user support line of the Health and Welfare Information Systems Centre +372 794 3943 (7.00 to 22.00) or from the e-mail abi@tehik.ee.

If there is an unavoidable need (due to travel restrictions in certain countries etc.) a doctor can administer a person who has recovered from COVID-19 a second dose as well if the person wishes (the minimum time between the two doses is the interval determined in the summary of vaccine properties).

Last updated: 01.10.2021 17:31

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All vaccines that have received the approval of the European Medicines Agency (i.e. that have an EU marketing authorisation) (Comirnaty / Pfizer/BioNTech, Janssen / Johnson & Johnson, Spikevax / Moderna, Vaxzevria / AstraZeneca) are accepted in issuing the European Union (EU) digital COVID certificate. In addition to the above mentioned, Estonia also recognizes all those vaccinations that are recognized by the person's country of origin (including also e.g. Sputnik V, Sputnik Lite, Sinovac, Sinopharm etc.).

Suitable as proof of vaccination are:

  • immunisation passport, a copy of it or a corresponding certificate (including the EU COVID certificate);
  • an officially certified printout of another country's database;
  • immunisation passport that can be requested on paper from the health care service provider.

The document proving vaccination in another country must be either in Latin or Slavonic alphabet, in Estonian, Russian or English and contain the following information:

  • the disease that was vaccinated against;
  • the date of immunisation;
  • the vaccine medicinal product that was used;
  • how many doses the person has been administered;
  • the information on the issuer of the certificate.

Last updated: 14.10.2021 16:43

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The vaccine against tick-borne encephalitis (the so-called tick vaccine):

  • The interval between the COVID-19 vaccine and the vaccine against tick-borne encephalitis should be 14 days.

Flu vaccine:

  • There in no fixed interval of time that should be left between the COVID-19 vaccine and the flu vaccine. The vaccines can be received on the same day as well, but in orde to identify possible reactions, the shots should be administered to different arms.

Last updated: 23.09.2021 15:34

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The manufacturer has determined the intervals between administering the vaccine doses according to the results of clinical studies. The period prescribed by the manufacturer provides the highest efficacy of the vaccine, based on the results of the studies. For this reason it is important to administer the second dose at the prescribed time, generally no sooner than the summary of the vaccine properties suggests. For instance, if a person becomes ill and cannot go the get the second dose at the agreed upon time, the second dose can be administered later but preferably at first opportunity after recovery.

The interval between the two shots by vaccine:

  • the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine: 6 weeks (maximum protection is achieved 7 days after receiving the second dose)
  • the Moderna vaccine: 4 weeks (maximum protection is achieved 14 days after receiving the second dose)
  • the AstraZeneca vaccine: 12 weeks (maximum protection is achieved 15 days after receiving the second dose)

Last updated: 31.05.2021 09:53

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If you are feeling good, you may work out. If you get side effects like fever, we recommend refraining from working out.

Last updated: 20.05.2021 16:26

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Having had COVID-19 is not a contraindication to vaccination. According to the current recommendation, the people who have recovered are also being vaccinated with one dose of the COVID-19 vaccine.

The level of antibodies provided by vaccination is tens of times higher than we get just by having the virus. This will also give us longer immunity.

While the vaccine volumes are limited, the preferred target group should be those who have not had COVID-19 within the last 6 months.

If a person has had the virus without being aware of it himself, he will be vaccinated with two doses of the vaccine, which is not dangerous to the organism.

Last updated: 20.05.2021 16:25

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Consuming alcohol is not a direct contraindication and does not affect the production of antibodies but we do not recommend consuming alcohol either before or after vaccination. Temporary mild side effects, like fever, headache, muscle pain etc., may occur after receiving the coronavirus vaccination and n interaction with the vaccine, the alcohol could make you feel even worse.

Chronic alcoholics may have a weaker immune response.

It is definitely not allowed to go to the vaccination drunk! We ask you to be respectful towards the doctors and nurses that are administering the vaccinations.

Last updated: 23.09.2021 17:33

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It is allowed to eat before vaccination. If you wish, you can also go without eating first. We would rather recommend eating something first so that missing a meal would not make you feel worse overall.

Last updated: 20.05.2021 16:25

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The state immunoprophylaxis expert committee recommends vaccinating people who have recovered from COVID-19 with one dose on the sixth month after recovery and consider the course of vaccinations completed with this. The committee recommends vaccinating with one dose even if more than six months have passed since recovery from COVID-19, in order to ensure long term protection. Those that have recovered from the disease and then have gotten vaccinated have a 20 times smaller chance of getting infected again.

If you have already received one dose of the vaccine before you got infected, the necessity of a second shot depends on the moment you fell ill:

  • if you got COVID-19 within two weeks of receiving the first dose, the recommendation is to administer one dose of the vaccine on the sixth month after recovery. After this the course of vaccinations is considered completed. Before receiving the second dose, if necessary, a person can prove their infection risk status with a COVID-19 recovery certificate which is valid if less than 180 days have passed since the positive test result (PCR test).
  • if you got COVID-19 more than two weeks after receiving the shot, it is no longer necessary to administer the second shot and the course of vaccinations is considered completed.

In both cases it should be kept in mind that the vaccination status does not change automatically on the digital COVID certificates, rather a certificate needs to be created again after the health care service provider has entered the information proving recovery (for instance, a positive PCR test result). If there are any questions about the information on the COVID certificate created, you can turn to the user support line of the Health and Welfare Information Systems Centre +372 794 3943 (7.00 to 22.00) or from the e-mail abi@tehik.ee.

If there is an unavoidable need (due to travel restrictions in certain countries etc.) a doctor can administer a person who has recovered from COVID-19 a second dose as well if the person wishes (the minimum time between the two doses is the interval determined in the summary of vaccine properties).

Last updated: 01.10.2021 16:33

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With these vaccines, the genetic material of the pathogen is delivered into the organism in the form of either DNA or RNA, and based on the information contained in it, the organism itself will synthesize the part of the pathogen necessary for the creation of immunity, i.e. the antigen. As a rule, this is some protein of the pathogen, in the case of the coronavirus the spike protein on its surface. One way of describing the situation would be that if an organism needs food daily, in the case of one vaccine a ready meal is delivered, in the case of another the organism is delivered a recipe and the organism itself is capable of preparing the food with the help of the recipe.

Compared to a protein, the mRNA is a simpler molecule and thus the production of mRNA is generally faster than the production of vaccines that have been in use up until now. The idea of vaccines based on mRNA is actually already decades old and this type of vaccines have been tested in clinical studies for different infectious diseases. For different reasons, none of them have been taken into use on humans thus far. There is reason to hope that technological development will allow it now.

More information is available here: https://somblogi.wordpress.com/2020/12/22/triin-suvi-ja-pille-saalik-ravimiametist-selgitavad-kuidas-toimivad-meie-kehas-koroonavaktsiini-erinvad-tuubid/

Last updated: 27.12.2020 17:16

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As several different vaccines are on the market and being developed, their characteristics are certain to somewhat differ from each other.

Whether a vaccine is suitable or unsuitable for somebody is noted on the information sheet of the vaccine. Who should be vaccinated and how is best known to the medical worker who carries out the vaccination.

If you need further counselling in order to make a decision about the COVID-19 vaccination, we recommend consulting with your family doctor or calling the Family Doctor's Advice Line 1220 or 634 66 30. Medical professionals are answering the calls there 24/7. Advice is given in Estonian and Russian (it is possible to get advice in English every day between 15.00 and 17.00).

More about the vaccines can be read from here: https://vaktsineeri.ee/en/covid-19/covid-19-vaccines/

Last updated: 09.09.2021 14:46

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Yes. All the COVID-19 vaccines that have received a marketing authorisation in Europe have been assessed to be sufficiently safe and effective in fighting the coronavirus by the European Medicines Agency. The vaccines are analysed by scientists and authorities whose task it is to guarantee that they would meet all quality, safety, and efficacy requirements in force. The conditions for receiving a marketing authorisation have not been loosened due to the pandemic and no compromises have been made in the evaluation criteria (safety, quality, efficacy).

No vaccine or medicine is ever 100% free of side effects but a marketing authorisation is given to medicines and vaccines that offer a benefit that is bigger than the possible risks (suffering through the disease that the vaccine prevents and the complications are harder or more dangerous to health than the side effect linked to the vaccine). Careful monitoring of the efficacy and safety of the vaccines continues even after the marketing authorisation is issued and the vaccine is taken up.

If you need further counselling in order to make a decision about the COVID-19 vaccination, we recommend consulting with your family doctor or calling the Family Doctor's Advice Line 1220 or 634 66 30. Medical professionals are answering the calls there 24/7. Advice is given in Estonian and Russian (it is possible to get advice in English every day between 15.00 and 17.00).

Read more:

Last updated: 25.09.2021 23:43

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One of the most important goals of the COVID-19 vaccines is to avoid severe (requiring hospitalisation) and mortal forms of the disease. All vaccines in use fulfil this goal very effectively, all vaccines offer a practically hundred percent protection from severe forms of the disease.

Vaccination also manages to avoid most of the mild and moderate cases of the COVID-19 disease: the Pfizer vaccine does it at the rate of 95% and the Moderna vaccine at the rate of 94%.

The effectiveness of the AstraZeneca vaccine in avoiding symptomatic disease is 60% (even though it is possible to increase the effectiveness to over 80% by using different dosing schemes).

Last updated: 26.04.2021 09:31

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Vaccination will be postponed if the patient is severely ill with COVID-19.

Having had COVID-19 or seropositivity (i.e if there already is a determinable amount of antibodies in the blood) is not a contraindication to vaccination:

People who have had COVID-19 should be vaccinated with only one dose of the vaccine, preferably in the sixth month after recovery. After that the course of vaccination should be considered completed. Even if more than 6 months have passed since recovery, only one dose of the vaccine should be administered in order to ensure long-term protection.

People who get COVID-19 after receiving the first dose of the vaccine will not be administered the second dose and are considered vaccinated for the following six months.

Last updated: 11.08.2021 12:29

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Herd immunity is usually calculated based on the infection multiplier R (how many people will one sick person infect). If R is low, the percentage of vaccinated persons can be low as well. In the case of the coronavirus, the necessary critical mass is estimated to be about 70% of the society. If more severe strains that infect faster (the British strain) or can infect vaccinated people as well (the Brazilian strain) occur, the critical mass of vaccinated people should also be larger. For instance, the R-rate for measles is about 15, thus herd immunity for measles requires 95% of people to be vaccinated.

As children will not be getting vaccinated in the near future, the main onus for reaching herd immunity will fall on responsible adults.

Read more: https://www.ut.ee/et/teadus/teadlaste-vastused-koroonakusimustele (in Estonian).

Last updated: 26.04.2021 09:38

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Viruses mutating is a regular process. All mutations do not lead to reduced efficacy of the developed vaccines but the genetic changes in virus strains are still followed closely in order to evaluate their effect on the vaccines that have been or are being developed.

Last updated: 27.12.2020 17:08

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Most of the vaccines we have received thus far require two doses. Even though a certain immune protection occurs even after the first dose, it is not strong enough, which is why it is important to get both shots if the vaccine requires a two-dose course.

The Janssen COVID-19 vaccine course requires only one shot.

Last updated: 30.04.2021 11:46

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The joint European Union vaccine portfolio contains the vaccines and vaccine candidates of 8 vaccine manufacturers. The European Commission has signed advance purchase agreements with the following vaccine manufacturers – AstraZeneca, Sanofi, Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, Pfizer/BioNTech, Curevac and Moderna.

Estonia has currently joined the advance purchase agreements with 5 vaccine manufacturers -- AstraZeneca, Janssen Pharmaceutica NV, Pfizer/BioNTech, Curevac and Moderna. Estonia has the possibility of joining the Sanofi advance purchase agreements later.

Additionally, the negotiations are ongoing between the European Commission and the vaccine manufacturer Novavax. At the request of several member states, the negotiations have also been started with the vaccine manufacturer Valneva.

Last updated: 26.04.2021 09:40

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Those vaccines that are being processed and reviewed by the European Medicines Agency for receiving a marketing authorisation do not contain mercury particles or other unknown compounds. Finding microchips or other such things in vaccines belongs to the sphere of conspiracy theories. All medicines that receive a marketing authorisation in the European Union are checked, safe, of high quality and effective. All ingredients of the vaccine are listed on the information sheet of the vaccine.

More information on the vaccines can be found from here: https://vaktsineeri.ee/en/covid-19/covid-19-vaccines/

Last updated: 26.04.2021 09:31

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).