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Compensation for sick days

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Sickness benefit:

As of March 13, until the end of the emergency situation, the first three sickness days will be compensated to you by the Estonian Health Insurance Fund. The benefit payments will start as of May 4. The rate of this benefit depends on the type of certificate of incapacity for work you have received.

As the emergency situation has been abolished, the first three days of sick leave will be compensated if the certificate has been issued no later than 17.05, regardless of the duration of the certificate.

For sickness days 4 to 8, you will be compensated by your employer, and starting from sickness day 9 it will be done by the Estonian Health Insurance Fund. These benefits will be calculated by your average wage of the last month. You will get a benefit of 70% of your average wage.

Income tax is withheld from the benefit.

Read more about the sickness benefit.

Care allowance:

On the basis of the certificate for care leave, the Estonian Health Insurance Fund pays the care allowance for the first

  • 14 sickness days to a parent whose child under the age of 12 or disabled child under the age of 19 is sick;
  • 7 sickness days to the carer of other family members.

The allowance is 80% of the average wage of the person who has been issued the certificate for care leave. Income tax is withheld from the benefit.

Different rules for paying care allowance apply in the case of severe illness (tumours etc.).

Read more about care allowance.

More information can be received from the Estonian Health Insurance Fund telephone (+372) 669 6630.

During the emergency situation, people were given the opportunity to apply for incapacity to work certificate on medical grounds or for care leave via the patient portal www.digilugu.ee website. As the emergency situation has been abolished, as of May 18, the medical leave certificate can be only issued by the doctor, , i.e. in case of illness or when caring for a sick family member, you must contact your family doctor in order to obtain the sick leave or care leave.

Last updated: 19.05.2020 15:13

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If you are healthy, and you have not been in contact with infected persons, the doctor has no cause to issue a sick leave certificate. Monitor your health, if possible, work remotely from home, and limit contacts with other people.

Sick leave certificate can be issued by a doctor if you have come into contact with an infected person. If a child has been in contact with an infected person, the doctor can issue a care leave certificate for the parents. Being in contact with an infected person is considered equal to being sick or caring for a sick child. In this case, you will be paid incapacity compensation based on the usual system. Please note that the incapacity to work certificate can be issued by the doctor only if your employer has officially registered your employment and you have valid health insurance.

Last updated: 03.04.2020 16:11

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The Estonian Health Insurance Fund has 30 days after the end date of the sick leave certificate to pay the benefits. So far, people usually get their benefits payment within few days, and have grown used to this fast service.

When the incapacity to work certificate has been issued during the emergency situation (as of March 12), the benefit will be paid within 30 days as provided by law. The Health Insurance Fund has started paying benefits for sick leave certificates which have been issued for longer than 9 days, and a lot of people have already received the benefits. When it comes to shorter sick leaves, e.g. less than 9 days, the benefits are also being paid out, but this will take longer, but no later than until mid-May.

The payments for certificates of care leave, certificates of maternity leave, certificates of adoption leave will be paid as usual, regardless when they were issued.

Last updated: 27.04.2020 21:06

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If the incapacity of work certificate has been issued from March 13 to May 17, then the compensation will be paid also for first three days of sick leave. Some employers have already been compensating the first three sick leave days to their employees; therefore, a situation might arise where the employee will get the compensation twice, both from the employer and also from the Estonian Health Insurance Fund.

This will not give the employer a right of claim against the employee for refund. The refund of the benefit depends on the agreement between the employee and the employer.

Last updated: 19.05.2020 09:35

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).