More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).

Compensation for sick days

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Sickness benefit:

In order to reduce the risk of people going to work when sick, reducing the personal cover of employees and thus limit the spread of COVID-19 disease, the procedure for compensating the sick leaves will temporarily change between January 1, 2021 and April 30, 2021. The employee co-pay covers the first day of illness, the employer covers the compensation from the second to the fifth day, and the Estonian Health Insurance Fund pays the compensation from the sixth day onwards.

The new procedure is valid for incapacity to work certificates starting from January 1, 2021. The procedure for care leave compensation does not change.

  • No compensation is paid for the first day of sick leave.

  • For sickness days 2 to 5, compensation will be paid by the employer based on average salary.

  • From day 6, the sickness compensation will be paid by the Estonian Health Insurance Fund on the basis of the daily income of the employee. The calculation is based on the data on social tax calculated or paid in the calendar year preceding the date of the beginning of the sick leave, which is obtained from the Tax and Customs Board.

  • the information on which the calculation is based can be accessed after the compensation has been received in the state portal

Read more about the sickness benefit.

Care allowance:

On the basis of the certificate for care leave, the Estonian Health Insurance Fund pays the care allowance for the first

  • 14 sickness days to a parent whose child under the age of 12 or disabled child under the age of 19 is sick;
  • 7 sickness days to the carer of other family members.

The allowance is 80% of the average wage of the person who has been issued the certificate for care leave. Income tax is withheld from the benefit.

Different rules for paying care allowance apply in the case of severe illness such as tumours.

Read more about care allowance.

More information can be received from the Estonian Health Insurance Fund telephone (+372) 669 6630.

During the emergency situation, people were given the opportunity to apply for incapacity to work certificate on medical grounds or for care leave via the patient portal website. After the emergency situation was ended on May 18, the medical leave certificate can be only issued by the doctor, so if you are sick or are caring for a sick family member, you must contact your family doctor in order to obtain the sick leave or care leave.

Last updated: 04.01.2021 17:34

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If you are healthy, and you have not been in contact with infected persons, the doctor has no cause to issue a sick leave certificate. Monitor your health, if possible, work remotely from home, and limit contacts with other people.

Sick leave certificate can be issued by a doctor if you have come into contact with an infected person. If a child has been in contact with an infected person, the doctor can issue a care leave certificate for the parents. Being in contact with an infected person is considered equal to being sick or caring for a sick child. In this case, you will be paid incapacity compensation based on the usual system. Please note that the incapacity to work certificate can be issued by the doctor only if your employer has officially registered your employment and you have valid health insurance.

Last updated: 09.09.2020 15:14

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Since people exposed to COVID-19 ("close contacts") have to self-isolate in order not to spread the disease, they are entitled to sick leave if they should require it. The right to sick leave applies to all exposed people, regardless of whether they have been detected by the app or by an employee of the Health Board. Every close contact seeking to apply for sick leave, must request it from their general practitioner. In order for a general practitioner to confirm that an exposure has taken place, he or she has to make an inquiry to the Health Board.

Therefore, if the app has detected your exposure, you should notify the Health Board by calling the number displayed in the app (+372 794 3500). Upon calling, you will be put through to an exposure notification specialist in your area, who will ask a few clarifying questions and then register your exposure. After that you may request sick leave from your general practitioner.

Last updated: 19.09.2020 14:50

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Doctors can issue the sick note (confirmation of incapacity to work) to people who have medical insurance through their employer. The doctor decides whether or not to issue such a certificate based on the state of the person’s health.

Based on the sick note the employer and the Health Insurance Fund will pay compensation for incapacity to work, aimed at partial compensation for loss of earnings while the person is sick.

The doctor fills in the electronic sick note specifying the period how long the person will be on sick leave, and sends it electronically to the Health Insurance Fund. The data sent by the doctor and information on compensation paid out can be found under the personal sickness compensation service in the state portal

For more see:

Last updated: 19.09.2020 15:25

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).