More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).

Restrictions in everyday life

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The restrictions in force and guidelines have to be followed in order to avoid the spread of the virus and getting infected, and to protect the life and health of people. The Government of the Republic, in cooperation with the Scientific Advisory Board, assesses the infection risk in the country weekly, and enacts or eases the measures according to the risk level.

More information on the coronavirus and the decisions and changes to the order of life related to it can be obtained from the state helpline 1247. +372 600 1247 when calling from abroad.


It is compulsory to wear a mask in public indoor spaces.

A mask must be worn in public indoor spaces, except in activities where it is not possible or reasonable (e.g. in doing direct sports, when coming in contact with water, as well as while eating and drinking at a restaurant).

It is not sufficient to cover one's nose and mouth with a scarf, collar, visor or any such object that is not meant to be used as a protective mask. A preference is given to a medical mask or a mask equated to that (e.g. an FFP1-3 mask or a N95 respirator) which effectively stops the coronavirus from spreading.

A mask is not compulsory for children under the age of 12. People for whom wearing a protective mask is medically contraindicated must present a relevant medical certificate to the checker.

This mainly pertains to commercial and service establishments, museums, theatres, cinemas, but also public meetings, events etc. Masks are also obligatory in the commonly used spaces of catering establishments, sports clubs and entertainment institutions and elsewhere where it is even remotely possible.


Public transport

A mask must be worn in public transport, including in trains and ferries. Children under the age of 12 do not have to wear a mask. People for whom wearing a protective mask is medically contraindicated must present a relevant certificate to the checker.


Commercial enterprises and service providers

It is compulsory to wear a mask in stores and service facilities (including hair and beauty salons). The service provider or trader has the right to admit a person who refuses to wear a protective mask to the service area.

Commercial and service enterprises must ensure the dispersion of people, the availability of disinfectants and that disinfection requirements are followed in accordance with the instructions of the Health Board.


A temporary restriction on opening hours between 23.00 and 06.00

There is a temporary night-time movement restriction in force in public indoor spaces, which means that all events and activities have to end by 23.00. For instance, nightclubs, bars and other entertainment and recreational facilities have to close their doors, but also cinemas, theatres and concert houses, museums and exhibition facilities. The restriction also applies to water parks, spas, pools etc. Different public events and sports competitions also have to end by 23.00.

The restriction does not apply to the opening times of stores and service areas of service providers, as well as selling food for takeaway at catering establishments.


Catering establishments

In catering establishments all customers at least 12 years and three months of age must present a valid COVID certificate proving vaccination or recovery, along with an identity document. Young people in the age bracket of 12 years and three months and 17 years (included) can dine on the premises with a negative test certificate as well. Suitable proofs are a PCR test done up to 72 hours earlier or an antigen-RTD test done up to 48 hours earlier at a health care service provider, or a self-administered rapid test done at a general pharmacy. Children under the age of 12 years and three months do not have to present a certificate or a negative test result.

Consuming on the premises is allowed only if the checking of the COVID certificates is ensured along with an identity document, and this applies even if the catering establishment is rented out, e.g. for birthdays, company parties or other private events. It is not necessary to present the certificate to buy food as takeaway or provide delivery services but in that case a mask must be worn.


Worship services

It is allowed to carry out public worship services and religious services in a way that up to 50 people may participate in them indoors (up to 100 outdoors) in places of worship or a 50% maximum occupancy requirement has to be observed. A mask must be worn. If the participation numbers exceed these limits, the infection risk status of people must be checked.

The exception does not extend to church concerts which fall under the requirements set to organising events.


Museums, exhibition venues

In museums and exhibition facilities all visitors at least 12 years and three months of age must present a valid COVID certificate proving vaccination or recovery, along with an identity document. You people in the age bracket of 12 years and three months and 17 years (included) can visit the premises with a negative test certificate as well. Suitable proofs are a PCR test done up to 72 hours earlier or an antigen-RTD test done up to 48 hours earlier at a health care service provider, or a self-administered rapid test done at a general pharmacy. Children under the age of 12 years and three months do not have to present a certificate or a negative test result.

COVID certificates along with an identity document must also be checked if the activity or event takes place at the location of service provision, e.g. if a gallery space or a museum hall is rented out for a private event.

Young people up to the age of 18 (included) and students turning 19 during the 2021/2022 academic year do not have to present a COVID certificate or a negative test result if they are visiting a museum or an exhibition venue for a curricular activity and students of only one class or group are participating in the visit.


Entertainment sector and public events

In the entertainment sector (including cinema, theatre, children's playrooms etc) it is obligatory for all customers who are at least 12 years and three months of age to present a valid COVID certificate proving vaccination or recovery, along with an identity document. Young people in the age bracket of 12 years and three months and 17 years (included) can enter with a negative test certificate as well. Suitable proofs are a PCR test done up to 72 hours earlier or an antigen-RTD test done up to 48 hours earlier at a health care service provider, or a self-administered rapid test done at a general pharmacy. Children under the age of 12 years and three months do not have to present a certificate or a negative test result.

COVID certificates along with an identity document must be checked even when the activity or event takes place in a place of service provision, for example a catering establishment in rented out or a theatre performance is ordered from a theatre.

Up to 1000 people may participate in events and activities indoors, and up to 2000 outdoors.


Informal education and doing sports

Generally, a valid COVID certificate proving vaccination or recovery, along with an identity document, has to be presented by all adults in order to participate, except for 18-19 year old youths who are still in school.

Students who are up to 18 years old or turning 19 during the 2021/2022 academic year do not have to present a COVID certificate or a negative test result in informal education and hobby activities, to do sports, train, and compete at sports competitions, provided that they are asymptomatic and studying at a general education or vocational school, as young people are testes several times a week at screening tests taking place in schools. Pre-school aged children are also not required to present a certificate.

Restrictions and requirements (e.g. mask wearing) at work

In employment relationships the basis for going to work and using personal protective equipment (e.g. a mask, a visor etc) is the risk analysis of the working environment. It is the task of the employer to evaluate the risks present in the working environment (including risks related to the spread of the virus), their effect on the health of the employee and, according to the results of the analysis, enact measures to lower the risks. As a preventative measure, the employer might, for instance, foresee in the risk analysis that the employees have to get vaccinated if it is necessary to safely perform their professional duties. It is also possible to use other relevant measures, for instance to obligate the employees to wear personal protective equipment (e.g. a mask). However, the Government of the Republic recommends distance work to everyone who has that option.


Those who are sick remain in quarantine

People who have been diagnosed with COVID-19 are not allowed to leave their place of residence from diagnosis until being declared healthy. This also applies to the residents of shelters and safe houses who have to remain in place to quarantine.


Close contacts are in self-isolation for seven days

Close contacts who live with a COVID-19 positive person or have come in contact with him have to remain in self-isolation for seven days, except if they have been vaccinated, recovered from the disease within the past six months or equated to a vaccinated person (i.e. recovered from the disease and been vaccinated).

If a close contact with a virus carrier took place in a kindergarten or child care, general education school or vocational school, the children and youths who have not been vaccinated against COVID-19 or recovered from COVID-19 may stay in simplified quarantine.

Staying in self-isolation is also recommended for people who are vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 but are living with a person who has been infected. In that case a person should stay home for at least seven days and do distance work if possible. If it is not possible to work from home, a family doctor will issue a certificate for sick leave and the person will receive health insurance benefits.

Last updated: 10.01.2022 01:53

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The following rules are in force for different age groups:

Going to entertainment establishments (e.g. cinema, theatre), eating on the premises of catering establishments, participating in different events and participating in other such checked activities:

Children under the age of 12 years and three months:

  • There are no restrictions: it is not necessary to present a COVID certificate or a negative test result

Age 12 years and three months to 17 (included):

  • Children and adolescents who have been vaccinated, equated to vaccinated (e.g. recovered from the disease and vaccinated) or have recovered from COVID.19 may participate in checked activities
  • It is also possible to participate with a negative test result: suitable proofs are an antigen-RTD test (up to 48 hours earlier)or PCR test (up to 72 hours earlier) done at a health care service provider before participating in the activity or the antigen-RTD test meant for self-testing done at a general pharmacy (up to 48 hours earlier).

Age 18+:

  • Adults have to be vaccinated, equated to vaccinated or recovered from COVID-19 in order to participate in checked activities
  • A negative test result is not sufficient to participate

Sports, training, youth work, hobby activities and informal education, refresher training, participating in sports competitions, and curricular visits to museums and exhibition facilities:

Children under the age of 12 years and three months:

  • There are no restrictions: it is not necessary to present a COVID certificate or a negative test result

Age 12 years and three months to 18 (included) and young people turning 19 during the 2021/2022 academic year:

  • There is no obligation to present a COVID certificate or a negative test result if they are studying in a general education or vocational school and they are not symptomatic.

For instance, a 17-year-old student can thus participate in dance practice and go to a class trip to a museum without restrictions but needs to present either a valid COVID certificate or a negative test result certificate that meets the requirements to visit a cinema or a restaurant. An 18- or 19-year-old student can participate in football practice without having to present a certificate or a negative test result but can only visit a cinema or a restaurant with a valid COVID certificate (a negative test result is not sufficient as a certificate).

Last updated: 15.11.2021 13:18

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The following rules apply to sports, training, youth work, hobby activities, informal education, and refresher training:

COVID certificate

Children and adolescents

Children under the age of 12 years and three months do not have to present a certificate or a negative test result. Students in the age bracket of 12 years and three months and 18 years, as well as those turning 19 during the 2021/2022 academic year do not have to present a COVID certificate or a negative test result if they are asymptomatic and are studying in a general education or vocational school, as they have the opportunity to participate in the rapid testing taking place several times a week at schools.

Adults (including 18+ youths who do not go to school) may participate:

  • with a COVID certificate proving that they have completed the course of vaccinations, received an additional dose or recovered from the disease and received one dose of the vaccine (equated to a vaccinated person) no more than a year ago
  • with a certificate proving that they have recovered from COVID-19 and no more than six months (180 days) have passed since the moment the diagnosis was confirmed.
  • with a medical certificate affirming that vaccination is contraindicated to the person for health reasons.

The organisers have an obligation to check the validity of the COVID certificates along with an identity document. COVID certificates must also be checked if the activity or event takes place at a location where services are provided, i.e. when a swimming pool, sports facility or seminar room is rented out.

COVID certificates do not need to be checked at unrestricted outdoor events (for instance, events that take place in one neighbourhood of a town, where people are in constant movement and it is not possible to determine an activity with a certain location and number of participants).

If a young person is not studying at a general education or vocational school, he has to present a valid COVID certificate in order to participate. For children under the age of 18, a negative test result (a PCR test done up to 72 hours earlier or an antigen-RTD test done up to 48 hours earlier at a health care service provider, or a rapid antigen test done on their own at a general pharmacy up to 48 hours earlier) is also accepted as a certificate. For adults, a negative test result is not sufficient as a COVID certificate.

Dispersion

The organisers have to ensure dispersion indoors, availability of disinfectants and following of the disinfecting requirements in accordance with the instructions of the Health Board.

Limits to the numbers of participants

Up to 1000 people may participate in events and activities indoors, and up to 2000 people outdoors.

Protective mask

Wearing a protective mask is obligatory while engaging in informal education, hobby activities, refresher training etc in public indoor spaces, except in activities where it is not possible, (e.g. in doing direct sports, when coming in contact with water, in the sauna and by the poolside). A preference is given to a medical mask or a mask equated to that (e.g. an FFP1-3 mask or a N95 respirator) which effectively stops the delta strain of the coronavirus from spreading. A scarf, a tube scarf, a collar, a visor or any other object that is not clearly meant to be worn as a protective mask do not count as a mask. Wearing a mask is not obligatory for children under the age of 12. If a person cannot wear a mask for health reasons, he must present a medical certificate regarding the contraindication.

Requirements for the employees

It is obligatory to behave in accordance with the risk analysis of the employer. In employment relationships, the basis for going to work, the requirements regarding the use of personal protective equipment and other control measures of the spread of the virus (including the presenting of COVID certificates, testing, mask wearing etc.) is the working environment risk analysis conducted by the specific employer.

Events must end no later than at 23.00

Events and activities have to end no later than at 23.00. The person responsible for the activities must ensure that the establishment's public indoor spaces are closed for visitors during night-time (between the hours of 23.00 and 06.00) and the only people present are the owner of the location of activities or his representative, the employees, and people connected to performing emergency tasks.

The objective of the restriction is to allow companies to keep operating but avoid the gathering of people indoors during evening hours, and to reduce contacts between people who do not interact with each other daily.

Last updated: 17.11.2021 20:53

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Yes, it is.

The yellow immunisation passport is issued at the request of a person by a family doctor or some other medical worker carrying out vaccinations. If a person already has an immunisation passport and he wishes to prove his vaccination status with it later, he should bring it along to the vaccination. In that case, the person carrying out the vaccination can make a corresponding note in the passport. People who have been vaccinated abroad can also prove their vaccination status with the immunisation passport.

Among other things, the passport contains the disease against which the immunisation was administered, the date of immunisation, immune preparation that was used, the lot number of it, and the number of doses administered, also the name and other data of the immuniser.

Last updated: 07.08.2021 19:05

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Dispersion is not the 2+2 rule but guidance to keep a safe distance with each other in a public indoor space. A public indoor space is a room that can be entered by anyone (this also includes public transport).

People have to be and move around in a public indoor space in a dispersed manner. The restriction does not apply to families or in cases where it is not possible to ensure these conditions reasonably.

The person responsible for the activities (i.e. the trader, the service provider, the organiser of the event, the catering establishment etc.) ensures, there would not be an unreasonable amount of people in the space or room. The Government order does not prescribe an exact distance -- ensuring dispersion means that groups of persons (e.g. families) or individuals should not be too close to each other or in direct contact.

Close contacts between people who are not usually together increase the probability of the virus spreading.

Last updated: 25.10.2021 16:34

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The risk level of the coronavirus spread can be low, medium, high, or very high.

  • Low risk (green): the risk that the infection will spread and the burden on the health care system will rise is low and the society can operate as usual.
  • Medium risk (yellow): the operability of the health care system is not in critical danger but there is still a need to create further COVID beds, which will lengthen the waiting times of scheduled treatments. Some control measures have to be enacted in the society, which will help to slow down the national spread of the virus. For instance using the COVID certificate to ensure that there is no infection risk and wearing masks in public space if there is no COVID certificate.
  • High risk (orange): the operability of the health care system is in danger, the lines of regular medical services will significantly lengthen for people. In order to ensure the availability of medical aid, it is necessary to enact strict control measures in the society to avoid reaching the red level. For instance, this means that supervision over cultural, entertainment and catering establishments is increased and regional restrictions are enacted if necessary.
  • Very high (red): the operability of the medical system is not ensured. This means that the strictest control measures are enacted in the society, i.e. many institutions are closed, there is distance learning and working from home.

Indicators for risk levels, and ranges for them for each risk level have been established based on the recommendations of the Scientific Advisory Board and the Health Board. The seven day average number of people infected and hospitalised with COVID is taken into account. Additional indicators that are considered are the seven day average number of COVID-19 deaths, the full vaccine coverage of the adult population, the infection level people over the age of 60 and the number of COVID-19 patients on ventilators.

The risk level is reviewed once a week.

Read more about the risk levels from here: https://www.kriis.ee/et/riskitasemed (in Estonian).

Last updated: 09.09.2021 22:15

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At the green level, the risk that the infection spreads and the burden on the health care system increases is low and the society can function as usual.

Everyone can adjust their behaviour and actions according to the risk level of the spread of the virus.

What can everyone do on their own?

  • Get vaccinated and help people close to you to get vaccinated as well
  • Wash your hands

What can an organisation do?

  • Support your workers and visitors getting vaccinated
  • Ensure well-ventilated rooms
  • Put together a risk analysis and an action plan

What is done by the state?

  • Ensures that everyone has the opportunity to get vaccinated
  • Ensures the possibility of getting tested
  • Identifies possible outbreaks

Read more from the kriis.ee web page: instructions on how to act at different risk levels (in Estonian).

Last updated: 29.09.2021 15:50

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The yellow level means that the health care system is not in critical danger but new beds for COVID-19 do still need to be created, lengthening the waiting times of scheduled treatments. Some control measures need to be enacted in the society, allowing to slow the spread of the virus across the coutry. For instance, the use of the COVID certificate to ensure that there is no infection risk, and wearing masks in public spaces without the COVID certificate.

Everyone can adjust their behaviour and actions according to the risk level of the spread of the virus.

What can everyone do on their own?

  • Get vaccinated and help people close to you to get vaccinated as well
  • Wash your hands
  • Wear a facemask in crowded indoor spaces
  • Do a rapid test before meeting people who are in a risk group
  • Stay at home with even mild symptoms and do a rapid test
  • If the rapid test is positive, consult with a doctor

What can an organisation do?

  • Support your workers and visitors getting vaccinated
  • Ensure a well-ventilated space.
  • Put together a risk analysis and an action plan
  • Give recommendations on how to behave
  • Offer disinfectants and face masks
  • Offer testing opportunities
  • Offer vaccination opportunities

What does the state do?

  • Ensures that everyone has the opportunity to get vaccinated
  • Ensures the possibility of getting tested
  • Identifies possible outbreaks
  • Enacts measures to quickly reduce the number of infections

Read more about implementing the risk levels here: https://www.kriis.ee/et/riskitasemed (in Estonian).

Last updated: 29.09.2021 16:11

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If the orange level is reached, the operability of the health care system is in danger, the waiting times of regular medical services will lengthen considerably for people. In order to ensure that medical aid is available, strict control measures need to be enacted in the society, so that the red level would not be reached. This means, for instance, that supervision over the activities of cultural, entertainment, and catering establishments will be increased and regional restrictions will be enacted, if necessary.

Everyone can adjust their behaviour and actions according to the risk level of the spread of the virus.

What can everyone do on their own?

  • Get vaccinated and help people close to you to get vaccinated as well
  • Wash your hands
  • Wear a facemask in crowded indoor spaces
  • Do a rapid test before meeting people who are in a risk group
  • Stay at home with even mild symptoms and do a rapid test
  • If the rapid test is positive, consult with a doctor
  • If possible, work from home
  • Organise meetings virtually or in open air

What can an organisation do?

  • Support your workers and visitors getting vaccinated
  • Ensure a well-ventilated space.
  • Put together a risk analysis and an action plan
  • Give recommendations on how to behave
  • Offer disinfectants and face masks
  • Offer testing opportunities
  • Offer vaccination opportunities
  • Allow distance work
  • Reduce high risk contacts

What does the state do?

  • Ensures that everyone has the opportunity to get vaccinated
  • Ensures the possibility of getting tested
  • Identifies possible outbreaks
  • Enacts measures to quickly reduce the number of infections

Read more from the kriis.ee web page: instructions on how to act at different risk levels (in Estonian).

Last updated: 29.09.2021 16:22

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The red level means that the strictest control measures are established in the society, i.e. many institutions are closed, there is distance learning and working from home. The operability of the medical system is not ensured.

Everyone can adjust their behaviour and actions according to the risk level of the spread of the virus.

What can everyone do on their own?

  • Get vaccinated and help people close to you to get vaccinated as well
  • Wash your hands
  • Wear a facemask in crowded indoor spaces
  • Do a rapid test before meeting people who are in a risk group
  • Stay at home with even mild symptoms and do a rapid test
  • If the rapid test is positive, consult with a doctor
  • If possible work and study from home
  • Organise meetings virtually or in open air
  • Minimise the number of face-to-face meetings

What can an organisation do?

  • Support your workers and visitors getting vaccinated
  • Ensure a well-ventilated space.
  • Put together a risk analysis and an action plan
  • Give recommendations on how to behave
  • Offer disinfectants and face masks
  • Offer testing opportunities
  • Offer vaccination opportunities
  • Allow people who are not vaccinated to work and learn from a distance
  • Reduce high risk contacts
  • Allow and recommend that everyone goes to distance work and learning
  • Minimise the number of face-to-face meetings

What does the state do?

  • Ensures that everyone has the opportunity to get vaccinated
  • Ensures the possibility of getting tested
  • Identifies possible outbreaks
  • Enacts measures to quickly reduce the number of infections

Read more about implementing the risk levels here: https://www.kriis.ee/et/riskitasemed (in Estonian).

Last updated: 29.09.2021 16:04

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The requirement to wear a mask and the right to demand a COVID certificate are legal and come from Order no 305 of the Government.

The order has been enacted based on the Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Act and it is compulsory for all persons to follow it. Currently this law is the basis for a fight against that wide spread of the coronavirus that is putting the functioning of hospitals in risk.

The basis for giving health related orders is the Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Act, i.e. NETS. The regulation of the Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Act has been implemented by the Parliament. The order of the restrictions and measures is enacted by the Government of the Republic or the Health Board. NETS provides that the Government of the Republic has the right to foresee measures and restrictions to stop the spread of COVID-19.

§ 28, subsection 6 of NETS provides that if enacting measures and restrictions has a significant social or economic impact, the Government of the Republic establishes these with an order.

Wearing a mask

  • The aim of the obligation to wear a mask is to ensure all persons' right to the protection of their health, stemming from § 28 of the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia.
  • It is not obligatory to wear a protective mask if
    • the person is under 12 years or age, or wearing a protective mask is not possible for health reasons and the person presents a certificate proving that, issued by a health care service provider
    • the employer of the person has released him from the obligation to wear a mask in the working environment risk analysis and foreseen other measures to lower the risks, or it is not possible to wear a mask due to the nature of the work or activity.
    • All other persons must wear a mask in public indoor spaces.
  • § 28 subsection 2 point 5 of NETS provides that the Health Board may require persons to follow the precautions of safety from infection. Wearing a mask is a precaution to reduce the risk of infection.
  • The obligation to wear a mask on one's face also comes from Order no 305, enacted by the Government of the Republic.

The explanatory letter of the order mentions repeatedly that the aim of mask wearing is to prevent the spread of aerosols and droplets when breathing out and speaking. The only way a mask can prevent it is if it is worn in front of one's face.

Secondly, the Supreme Court has repeatedly stressed that legal acts must be interpreted systematically-logically, i.e. a legal act cannot be interpreted in a way that would render it pointless. If one interprets the obligation to wear a mask in a way that it can, for instance, also be worn in one's pocket, this particular provision would be rendered pointless, as wearing a mask in such a way would not help to stop the spread of an infectious disease. The latter, however, is the aim of the whole order.

Asking for certificates

  • The right to ask for a COVID certificate comes from Order no 305, point 14.
  • The legal basis for processing a person's data (i.e. looking at them) comes from the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which gives each member state the opportunity to enact further legal basis for processing personal data, including health data.

More specifically:

  • The Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Act (NETS):

    • § 28 subsection 2 point 3 gives the Health Board the right to demand the organisation of medical examination of people and diagnosing communicable diseases or the organisation thereof
    • § 28 subsection 5 point 1 gives the right to restrict the operation of establishments, which means that the Government of the Republic has enacted conditions for participating in activities and restricting economic activities.
    • § 28 subsection 5 point 3 gives the right to establish restrictions on the freedom of movement, which means that the Government of the Republic has enacted conditions for persons to participate in activities, including the COVID-19 certificate proving vaccination or recovery
  • The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR):

    • according to Article 9, section 2 subsection g) of the GDPR, processing health data is not prohibited if "processing is necessary for reasons of substantial public interest, on the basis of Union or Member State law which shall be proportionate to the aim pursued, respect the essence of the right to data protection and provide for suitable and specific measures to safeguard the fundamental rights and the interests of the data subject"
    • according to Article 9, section 2 subsection i) it is not prohibited to process health data if "processing is necessary for reasons of public interest in the area of public health, such as protecting against serious cross-border threats to health".
    • GDPR is part of the Estonian legal order. As Estonia has joined the European Union, the European Union regulations are directly applicable here. This means that regulations prescribe rights and obligations to the state and to an individual directly. Generally, the GDPR sets strict rules for data protection. The Personal Data Protection Act provides for further requirements to the protection of personal data that the GDPR does not regulate.

Last updated: 29.11.2021 18:54

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).