Crossing the Estonian border

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The tables with the current infection rates of countries and additional information can be found on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

If the child arrives in Estonia with a parent, a guardian, or an authorised companion who is not subject to the requirement to stay in self-isolation after crossing the border (i.e. the parent/companion is vaccinated, or no more than 180 days have passed since a positive PCR test or a diagnosis proving recovery from COVID-19 and she is not symptomatic).

If the child travels with two parents, at least one of whom is released from the requirement to isolate, the same release also applies to the child (does not apply to groups of minors travelling together).

  • A child under the age of 12 who is not symptomatic can participate in school and hobby activities without restrictions. The same also applies to groups of minors travelling together (e.g. sports or excursion groups).

European Union member states, Schengen countries and third countries in the European Union list where the 14 day infection rate per 100,000 inhabitants is more than 75:

  • Children between the ages of 12 and 18 who are not vaccinated are released from the requirement to self-isolate if they are arriving from an European Union or Schengen country, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, or Vatican, and have done a coronavirus PCR test up to 72 hours before entering Estonia or a rapid antigen-RTD test up to 48 hours before arriving or have done a test immediately after arriving in Estonia and the test results were negative. Until the negative test results come in, it is obligatory to stay in one's place of residence or permanent place of stay.
  • Children between the ages of 12 and 18 who are not vaccinated are released from the requirement to self-isolate if they are arriving from a third country in the European Union list (see second table on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and have done a coronavirus PCR test up to 72 hours before entering Estonia or a rapid antigen-RTD test up to 48 hours before arriving or have done a test immediately after arriving in Estonia and the test results were negative. Until the negative test results come in, it is obligatory to stay in one's place of residence or permanent place of stay.

Third countries not on the European Union list:

  • Children between the ages of 12 and 18 who are not vaccinated and who are citizens of third countries not on the European Union list (see third table on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and are arriving from these countries may enter Estonia if they have done a coronavirus PCR test up to 72 hours before entering Estonia or a rapid antigen-RTD test up to 48 hours before arrival, the results of which are negative. In order to be released from the requirement to self-isolate it is required to do another SARS-CoV-2 test immediately after arriving in Estonia, the result of which also have to be negative. Until the results of the test done immediately after arrival are known, there is an obligation to stay at one's place of residence or permanent place of stay;
  • Children between the ages of 12 and 18 who are not vaccinated and arrive from third countries not on the European Union list (see third table on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and are the citizens of the European Union, Schengen countries, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, or Vatican may enter Estonia. In order to be released from the requirement to self-isolate it is required to do another SARS-CoV-2 test immediately after arriving in Estonia, the result of which also have to be negative. Until the results of the test done immediately after arrival are known, there is an obligation to stay at one's place of residence or permanent place of stay.

Starting from September 27:

If the child arrives in Estonia with a parent, a guardian, or an authorised companion who is not subject to the requirement to stay in self-isolation after crossing the border (i.e. the parent/companion is vaccinated, or no more than 180 days have passed since a positive PCR test or a diagnosis proving recovery from COVID-19 and she is not symptomatic).

European Union member states, Schengen countries and third countries on the European Union list where the 14 day infection rate per 100,000 inhabitants is more than 75, and third countries not on the European Union list:

  • Children under the age of 18 and young people turning 19 during the 2021/2022 academic year who are not vaccinated themselves and who are not symptomatic are allowed to go to school, kindergarten and child care, and participate in hobby and training activities that are attended by the same persons that participate in the academic and educational activities (i.e. the number of contacts is not extended) on the first day after returning from a trip. On the third day the child needs to do a coronavirus PCR test that is free of charge for minors (booking information: koroonatestimine.ee). It is important to keep in mind that even if the test is negative, the child cannot participate in any other activities than the ones mentioned above within 10 days of crossing the border. If the test done on the third day turns out to be positive, the child must stay home in self-isolation and the prescribed order of dealing with close contacts is initiated at child care institution where he was.

  • Children under the age of 18, and young people turning 19 during the 2021/2022 academic year who are not vaccinated themselves and who are not symptomatic are allowed to go to school, kindergarten and child care, and participate in hobby and training activities that are attended by the same persons that participate in the academic and educational activities (i.e. the number of contacts is not extended) on the first day after returning from a trip. On the third day the child needs to do a coronavirus PCR test that is free of charge for minors (booking information: koroonatestimine.ee). It is important to keep in mind that even if the test is negative, the child cannot participate in any other activities than the ones mentioned above within 10 days of crossing the border. If the test done on the third day turns out to be positive, the child must stay home in self-isolation and the prescribed order of dealing with close contacts is initiated at child care institution where he was.

  • A child under the age of 18 also has to stay away from educational activities if he becomes symptomatic before the testing done on the third day or if the symptoms occur after the negative test done on the third day. In that case it is necessary to contact the family doctor. If the test is done later than on the third day, e.g. on the fifth day, this means that the child can participate in academic and educational activities for the first three days after returning from a trip but must stay at home during days 4 and 5 until the test gets done and the negative result comes in.

  • A child under the age of 12 who does not participate in educational and child care activities does not have to do a coronavirus PCR test but does have to stay in self-isolation for ten days after crossing the border.

All travellers arriving in Estonia by airplane (including children whose information is submitted by a parent) have to fill out a traveller's questionnaire (in Estonian, Russian or English). This can be done up to three days before arriving in Estonia. Travellers arriving by ship, bus or car have an obligation to fill out the traveller's questionnaire if they are arriving from a country that has been marked as red in the table or a country equated to that.

Last updated: 27.09.2021 13:14

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An exemption like this does not apply to Ukrainian short term workers even if they are coming to work for one day. This means that the required tests need to be done before and after arriving in the country and there is an obligation to stay in self-isolation.

Last updated: 28.07.2021 14:27

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From what number does a group start?

The exceptions regarding minors that went in force on July 19, 2021 were enacted due to the recommendation of the European Council. According to this recommendation, in order to ensure the unity of families travelling together, minors who are travelling with a parent or parents, or another person accompanying them should not be obligated to remain in quarantine/self-isolation if the person accompanying them does not have that obligation, e.g. because the latter have a certificate of vaccination or recovery. Additionally, children under the age of 12 should be released from the requirement to do a SARS-CoV-2 infection test in order to be able to travel.

This means that the goal in granting children under the age of 18 exceptions from the obligation of self-isolation and the testing obligations related to that is to ensure the unity of families, which is why minors who are travelling with a coach or a teacher are subject to the general requirements upon arrival in Estonia.

Last updated: 26.07.2021 11:48

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Pilots fall under an exception in force, according to which they are not subject to the obligations to self-isolate and test if they are directly involved with international freight or passenger transport and are arriving in Estonia to perform professional duties.

Last updated: 05.04.2021 19:59

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At the border, a person entering the country must present their personal data and contact information, the data on under aged children that travelled with them, and travel information to the Health Board. Information that should be written down are the country of departure to Estonia, the date of arrival, and states that were transited during the trip, including countries where stopovers or transfers took place.

The declaration (a passenger locator form) can be submitted both on paper and electronically. The self-service portal of the Health Board can be found at the web page iseteenindus.terviseamet.ee. Starting from August 9, all arrivals from third countries must fill out the passenger locator form.

If a person subject to the obligation to present a declaration refuses to fill out the form, a penalty payment could applied to them.

Last updated: 07.08.2021 19:17

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Starting from July 12 a test prior to arriving in Estonia is required for entering from those third countries that do not belong to the so-called green list of the European Union. The list of countries belonging to the green list has published on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs https://vm.ee/en/information-countries-and-self-isolation-requirements-passengers.

A PCR test no more than 72 hours or, as a new possibility, an antigen rapid test no more than 48 hours prior to entering Estonia needs to be done and a certificate on the negative results needs to be presented by all citizens of third countries not on the green list who have not completed the course of vaccinations and who are coming to Estonia to work, study, join their family or based on a special permit.

People who are allowed to enter Estonia:

  • Persons who hold Estonian citizenship, have a residence permit or a right of residence in Estonia, or whose permanent residence is in Estonia according to the population register, regardless of whether they are symptomatic or not.

  • Citizens and residents of the European Union, the European Economic Area countries, the Swiss Confederation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, or the Principality of Andorra, the Principality of Monaco, the Republic of San Marino, and the Vatican City State (the Holy See), as well as persons holding a long-stay visa who are not symptomatic, and their family members who are not symptomatic.

  • All persons who arrive to the Republic of Estonia from the European Union or the Schengen Area countries, or from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and are not symptomatic.

  • Foreign nationals arriving from third countries who come to Estonia for work or study and are not symptomatic.

  • Starting from June 21, 2021 entry into Estonia for travelling is allowed for persons who are asymptomatic, who are arriving from all third countries and have finished the course of vaccination against COVID-19, achieved the maximum protection after the last dose of the vaccine, and no more than one year has passed from it.

Self-isolation is mandatory for everyone who are symptomatic.

Self-isolation for asymptomatic individuals depends on the country from which they started their journey or countries through which they transited. People arriving in Estonia from at-risk countries have an obligation to remain in self-isolation for 10 days upon arrival. If they wish to reduce their period of self-isolation, they must do a PCR test no earlier than 72 hours or an antigen rapid test no earlier than 48 hours before they arrive in Estonia , and can get tested in Estonia on the sixth day from the one of the abovementioned tests. The self-isolation can be terminated before the tenth day if the results of both tests are negative. It is also possible to do a coronavirus PCR test or an antigen rapid test immediately after arrival in Estonia. In this case, it is also possible to reduce the self-isolation period with a second test that is done no earlier than 6 days after the first test, and both of those must be negative. The period of 6 days will be calculated from the day following the first test. A negative test done before entering Estonia by a citizen from a third country outside the green list does not release that person from doing the tests required for shortening the self-isolation period.

All persons who have done their first test in another country (i.e. not at the border) must book the appointment for a second test themselves, by calling the call centre's line for people crossing the border 678 0000 (Monday to Friday 9.00 to 17.00).

Information on the list of countries and self-isolation requirements for arrivals to Estonia is available on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

If a person who comes to Estonia from a third country to study or to work comes from a country or transits through a country that is not listed on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, or is listed as 'red', they must remain in self-isolation, which means that the employer or educational institution ensures the following:

  • the employee's or student's transport and possibility to stay in self-isolation (10 days) from their arrival in Estonia, during which they are not allowed to begin their work or studies;

  • the employee or student can reduce the 10-day self-isolation by coronavirus testing immediately after arrival in Estonia and repeat testing no sooner than on the 6th day of staying in Estonia;

To all other arrivals in Estonia the coronavirus test is not compulsory but it would allow reducing the 10 day long self-isolation requirement and it is recommended in any case. The movement restriction requirement to a person travelling to Estonia depends on whether the European country the person is coming from has a coronavirus infection rate that is higher than 75. If the rate is lower, there is no need to restrict one's movements; if it is lower, there is this obligation. If the person arrives from outside Europe, the movement restriction generally applies.

As an exception, the following asymptomatic foreign nationals may enter Estonia:

  • persons who hold Estonian citizenship, a residence permit or right of residency in Estonia, or whose permanent place of residence is in Estonia according to the population register;

  • employees of a foreign diplomatic representation or a consular office in Estonia, their family members, or foreign nationals arriving to Estonia in the framework of international military cooperation,

  • persons who are directly involved with transporting goods or raw materials, including the loading of goods or raw materials,

  • person who is a member of a foreign delegation arriving in Estonia at the invitation of the authority of the state or local government entity, in order to attend a work-related meeting,

  • providers of healthcare or other services necessary for solving the emergency situation,

  • persons who are directly involved in the international carriage of goods or passengers, including crew members serving on an international means of transport and persons performing repairs, warranty, or maintenance services on a means of transport,

  • persons who provide services to groups of passengers and are directly involved in the provision of passenger transport services,

  • persons whose purpose of arrival in Estonia is to ensure the operability of an essential service,

  • persons whose arrival in Estonia is related to the maintenance, repair, warranty, or information and communication technology of equipment of an enterprise operating in Estonia, where this is necessary to ensure the operation of the enterprise,

  • foreign nationals who are immediately passing through the territory of Estonia in order to reach their country of residence,

  • persons who are arriving in the Republic of Estonia from a European Union or Schengen Convention member state, or from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland,

  • the asymptomatic citizens, residents and long term visa holders of European Union, European Economic Area, the Swiss Confederation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or the Principality of Andorra, the Principality of Monaco, the Republic of San Marino and the Vatican City (Holy See) and their asymptomatic family members,

  • foreign nationals whose direct descendant or ascendant relative (a direct descendant is a child or a (great)grandchild and their descendants, direct ascendants are a parent(s) or (great)grandparent(s)) or spouse, including a partner they are not married to on in civil partnership with, is an Estonian national, holder of an Estonian residence permit or the right of residence. At the border crossing, the burden of proof lies with the life partners who have to prove their partner status in order to receive permission to cross the border. To make the border crossing of the partner easier, we recommend sending the written confirmation of the Estonian citizen, or the foreign national who has the Estonian residence permit of right of residence, attesting that the arriving foreigner is their partner, to the Police and Border guard in advance.

  • all vaccinated asymptomatic arrivals from third countries,

  • foreign nationals who have received a special permit to enter the country from the Police and Border Guard Board. The application must be sent to ppa@politsei.ee. The application for permission to cross the border in exceptional circumstances can be found on the website of the Police and Border Guard Board. The purpose of the special application is to allow third-country nationals to apply for crossing the external borders, for the purpose of entering Estonia under special circumstances for family reasons, such as funeral, wedding, illness of a family member, an indispensable meeting with a family member. A foreigner allowed to enter Estonia on the basis of a special application is subject to a general restriction of freedom of movement and must not leave their permanent place of residence or stay within 10 days.

The person arriving in Estonia can complete the electronic health declaration for crossing the border 72 hours before their arrival to Estonia. This will make the border crossing faster, and they do not have to wait in order to fill in a paper declaration.

The person arriving in Estonia can complete the electronic health declaration for crossing the border 72 hours before their arrival to Estonia. This will make the border crossing faster, and they do not have to wait in order to fill in a paper declaration.

Last updated: 16.08.2021 16:14

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All symptomatic persons have an obligation to self-isolate. Whether an asymptomatic person has an obligation to self-isolate depends on their country of departure or transit. Self-isolation is obligatory for people who come from a European country where the infection rate is higher than 75, if the infection rate is lower, there is no obligation to restrict one's movements. Self-isolation is also not required upon arrival from an European country where the infection rate of the past 14 days is higher than 75 but no higher than 200 per 100,000 inhabitants, and a negative SARS-Cov-2 test is done before arriving in Estonia or is done immediately after arrival in Estonia. The person must stay at their place of residence or permanent place of stay until the negative test results come in.

People who come from outside of Europe generally fall under the requirement to restrict their movements. It is possible to shorten the self-isolation obligation by doing a coronavirus test, and this is recommended in any case.

Information about the countries and self-isolation obligations of those arriving in Estonia can be found on the homepage of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs: https://vm.ee/en/information-countries-and-self-isolation-requirements-passengers. The list is updated every Friday with restrictions that go into force the following Monday. If a person coming from a risk country does not do a test, he will have to restrict his movements.

Staying in self-isolation means that a person cannot leave their place of residence within 10 days, except at the order of a health care worker or police officer or for essential trips. For example, you can leave your home if your life is in danger or you need medical care, you need to renew food supplies, buy essential goods, purchase medicines, get fresh air. In all these cases, contacts with other people must be avoided. Therefore, you cannot go to work or go hiking on a populated hiking trail. But you can go outside for a run or to ride a bike, for example, if you do it without coming into contact with other people.

Last updated: 26.07.2021 11:46

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If you are an Estonian citizen or resident, you will not be turned back from the border even if you have symptoms of the disease. Also, those foreign citizens, whose family members reside in Estonia, will also be allowed to enter the county.

At the border

  • your travel documents will be checked, as well as your reason for entering the country and
  • the state of your health will be visually checked.

Last updated: 25.01.2021 09:56

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Police provides official assistance to the Health Board in monitoring compliance with restrictions on movement. This means that when police officers see the movement restrictions set be the government being violated in the course of their every-day work, they talk with people and explain the risks involved in public gatherings. If the infringement continues, the police inform the Health Board, which may, if necessary, issue a prescriptive order and impose a penalty payment.

Last updated: 06.10.2020 17:06

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Starting from July 26, Finland can be freely entered by citizens of all countries, provided that they can prove that they have been vaccinated with two doses of the vaccine or that they have recovered from the coronavirus. Also those who come from a country of origin that Finland estimates to have a low infection rate -- up to 10 infected persons per 100,000 residents.

Upon entering the country, the passenger has to present one of the following documents to the health officials:

  • the certificate of vaccination (at least 14 days have passed since the last dose of the vaccine);
  • the document proving recovery from COVID-19 (recovery within the past six months);
  • the COVID test certificate with a negative result (test done up to 72h before the trip).

Children born in 2006 and later are allowed to enter the country without the certificates of vaccination or recovery. As well as, for instance, diplomats, goods transport and logistics personnel, crews of ships, aircraft or trains, or people entering the country in order to counter an unexpected health or security related threat to the society's infrastructure.

If the stay in Finland is longer than 72 hours and there is no certificate of vaccination or recovery, or only one vaccine shot has been administered, it is compulsory to do a corona test no more than 72 hours after arrival in the country. All contacts must be avoided until the test results come in.

More information about entry into the country, transit and testing on the border can be found here: https://reisitargalt.vm.ee/riigid/soome/ (in Estonian).

Last updated: 02.08.2021 09:55

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The provider of health care services has an obligation to document a vaccination according to the requirements and forward the data to the Health Information System. If you have been vaccinated in Estonia, it is possible to see your own immunization data and, if necessary, print them out from the Patient Portal digilugu.ee (immunization notification, epicrisis). It is also possible to prove vaccination with an immunization passport, that can be issued on paper by the provider of health care services.

People who have been vaccinated while abroad can prove their vaccination by presenting an immunization passport, its copy, or a relevant certificate, that contains, in Latin or Slavic alphabet and in Estonian, Russian or English, among other things, the data of the person immunized, e.g. the disease against which the immunization was done, the date of the immunization, the immunization agent that was used, its lot number, the dosage administered, how many doses have been administered to the person, and the name and other data of the provider of the immunization. The proof can also be an officially certified printout from a database of another country.

More information about the EU certificates EU Digital COVID certificates (EUDCC).

Last updated: 12.08.2021 17:13

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).