Travelling to Estonia – foreigners

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The test must be administered by a health care service provider.

Last updated: 30.08.2021 20:09

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Vaccinated persons are released from the obligations to self-isolate and test.

Last updated: 31.08.2021 23:29

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From what number does a group start?

The exceptions regarding minors that went in force on July 19, 2021 were enacted due to the recommendation of the European Council. According to this recommendation, in order to ensure the unity of families travelling together, minors who are travelling with a parent or parents, or another person accompanying them should not be obligated to remain in quarantine/self-isolation if the person accompanying them does not have that obligation, e.g. because the latter have a certificate of vaccination or recovery. Additionally, children under the age of 12 should be released from the requirement to do a SARS-CoV-2 infection test in order to be able to travel.

This means that the goal in granting children under the age of 18 exceptions from the obligation of self-isolation and the testing obligations related to that is to ensure the unity of families, which is why minors who are travelling with a coach or a teacher are subject to the general requirements upon arrival in Estonia.

Last updated: 26.07.2021 11:48

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The tables with the current infection rates of countries and additional information can be found on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

If the child arrives in Estonia with a parent, a guardian, or an authorised companion who is not subject to the requirement to stay in self-isolation after crossing the border (i.e. the parent/companion is vaccinated, or no more than 180 days have passed since a positive PCR test or a diagnosis proving recovery from COVID-19 and she is not symptomatic).

If the child travels with two parents, at least one of whom is released from the requirement to isolate, the same release also applies to the child (does not apply to groups of minors travelling together).

  • A child under the age of 12 who is not symptomatic can participate in school and hobby activities without restrictions. The same also applies to groups of minors travelling together (e.g. sports or excursion groups).

European Union member states, Schengen countries and third countries in the European Union list where the 14 day infection rate per 100,000 inhabitants is more than 75:

  • Children between the ages of 12 and 18 who are not vaccinated are released from the requirement to self-isolate if they are arriving from an European Union or Schengen country, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, or Vatican, and have done a coronavirus PCR test up to 72 hours before entering Estonia or a rapid antigen-RTD test up to 48 hours before arriving or have done a test immediately after arriving in Estonia and the test results were negative. Until the negative test results come in, it is obligatory to stay in one's place of residence or permanent place of stay.
  • Children between the ages of 12 and 18 who are not vaccinated are released from the requirement to self-isolate if they are arriving from a third country in the European Union list (see second table on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and have done a coronavirus PCR test up to 72 hours before entering Estonia or a rapid antigen-RTD test up to 48 hours before arriving or have done a test immediately after arriving in Estonia and the test results were negative. Until the negative test results come in, it is obligatory to stay in one's place of residence or permanent place of stay.

Third countries not on the European Union list:

  • Children between the ages of 12 and 18 who are not vaccinated and who are citizens of third countries not on the European Union list (see third table on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and are arriving from these countries may enter Estonia if they have done a coronavirus PCR test up to 72 hours before entering Estonia or a rapid antigen-RTD test up to 48 hours before arrival, the results of which are negative. In order to be released from the requirement to self-isolate it is required to do another SARS-CoV-2 test immediately after arriving in Estonia, the result of which also have to be negative. Until the results of the test done immediately after arrival are known, there is an obligation to stay at one's place of residence or permanent place of stay;
  • Children between the ages of 12 and 18 who are not vaccinated and arrive from third countries not on the European Union list (see third table on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and are the citizens of the European Union, Schengen countries, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, or Vatican may enter Estonia. In order to be released from the requirement to self-isolate it is required to do another SARS-CoV-2 test immediately after arriving in Estonia, the result of which also have to be negative. Until the results of the test done immediately after arrival are known, there is an obligation to stay at one's place of residence or permanent place of stay.

Starting from September 27:

If the child arrives in Estonia with a parent, a guardian, or an authorised companion who is not subject to the requirement to stay in self-isolation after crossing the border (i.e. the parent/companion is vaccinated, or no more than 180 days have passed since a positive PCR test or a diagnosis proving recovery from COVID-19 and she is not symptomatic).

European Union member states, Schengen countries and third countries on the European Union list where the 14 day infection rate per 100,000 inhabitants is more than 75, and third countries not on the European Union list:

  • Children under the age of 18 and young people turning 19 during the 2021/2022 academic year who are not vaccinated themselves and who are not symptomatic are allowed to go to school, kindergarten and child care, and participate in hobby and training activities that are attended by the same persons that participate in the academic and educational activities (i.e. the number of contacts is not extended) on the first day after returning from a trip. On the third day the child needs to do a coronavirus PCR test that is free of charge for minors (booking information: koroonatestimine.ee). It is important to keep in mind that even if the test is negative, the child cannot participate in any other activities than the ones mentioned above within 10 days of crossing the border. If the test done on the third day turns out to be positive, the child must stay home in self-isolation and the prescribed order of dealing with close contacts is initiated at child care institution where he was.

  • Children under the age of 18, and young people turning 19 during the 2021/2022 academic year who are not vaccinated themselves and who are not symptomatic are allowed to go to school, kindergarten and child care, and participate in hobby and training activities that are attended by the same persons that participate in the academic and educational activities (i.e. the number of contacts is not extended) on the first day after returning from a trip. On the third day the child needs to do a coronavirus PCR test that is free of charge for minors (booking information: koroonatestimine.ee). It is important to keep in mind that even if the test is negative, the child cannot participate in any other activities than the ones mentioned above within 10 days of crossing the border. If the test done on the third day turns out to be positive, the child must stay home in self-isolation and the prescribed order of dealing with close contacts is initiated at child care institution where he was.

  • A child under the age of 18 also has to stay away from educational activities if he becomes symptomatic before the testing done on the third day or if the symptoms occur after the negative test done on the third day. In that case it is necessary to contact the family doctor. If the test is done later than on the third day, e.g. on the fifth day, this means that the child can participate in academic and educational activities for the first three days after returning from a trip but must stay at home during days 4 and 5 until the test gets done and the negative result comes in.

  • A child under the age of 12 who does not participate in educational and child care activities does not have to do a coronavirus PCR test but does have to stay in self-isolation for ten days after crossing the border.

All travellers arriving in Estonia by airplane (including children whose information is submitted by a parent) have to fill out a traveller's questionnaire (in Estonian, Russian or English). This can be done up to three days before arriving in Estonia. Travellers arriving by ship, bus or car have an obligation to fill out the traveller's questionnaire if they are arriving from a country that has been marked as red in the table or a country equated to that.

Last updated: 27.09.2021 13:14

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Starting from July 12, the testing requirement prior to arriving in Estonia applies to entry from those third countries that do not belong to the so-called European Union green list. The list of countries belonging to the green list has been published on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs https://vm.ee/en/information-countries-and-self-isolation-requirements-passengers. A PCR test no more than 72 hours or, as a new possibility, an antigen rapid test no more than 48 hours prior to entering Estonia needs to be done and a certificate on the negative results needs to be presented by all citizens of third countries not on the green list who have not completed the course of vaccinations and who are coming to Estonia to work, study, join their family, or based on a special permit.

If a person arriving in Estonia from a third country to study or work here comes from a country or travels through a country that has not been listed on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or is "red", that person must remain in self-isolation, which means that their employer or educational institution ensures:

  • the employee's or student's transport and possibility to stay in self-isolation (10 days) from their arrival in Estonia, during which they are not allowed to begin their work or studies;
  • the employee or student can reduce the 10-day self-isolation by coronavirus testing immediately after arrival in Estonia and repeat testing no sooner than on the 6th day of staying in Estonia;

The coronavirus test is not obligatory to any other person arriving in Estonia but doing it would make it possible to reduce the 10-day self-isolation requirement and it is recommended in any case. The obligation to restrict the freedom of movement of a person travelling to Estonia depends on whether the European country where the person is coming from has a coronavirus infection rate that is higher than 75. If the rate is lower, there is no obligation to restrict one's movements; if it is higher, there is such an obligation. If the point of departure was outside Europe, the restriction of movements generally applies.

If the point of departure is a European country where the infection rate of the past 14 days is higher than 75 but no higher than 200 per 100,000 inhabitants and a negative SARS-CoV-2 test was done before arriving in Estonia or will be done immediately upon arrival in Estonia, a person does not have to remain in self-isolation. The person has to stay in their place of residence or permanent place of stay until the negative test results come in.

Information on states and movement restrictions for people arriving from Europe is located on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs https://vm.ee/en/information-countries-and-self-isolation-requirements-passengers. The list is renewed every Friday, valid from the following Monday. A person who arrives from an at-risk country and does not do the tests has to restrict his movements for 10 days.

The moment of doing the test depends on several factors:

  • The citizens, residents, resident permit and long-term visa holders of Estonia and the European Economic Area may do the first test up to 72 hours before arrival. In Estonia it is possible to do the second test no sooner than on the sixth day after the first test was done abroad. If the results of both tests are negative, the person is released from the 10 day self-isolation obligation.
  • Persons who have not done the test up to 72 hours before arriving in Estonia may do the first test in Estonia immediately after entering the country, and the second test no sooner than six days after doing the first test. The 10 day self-isolation may be ended before the deadline if the results of both tests are negative.
  • The citizens of third countries arriving from a third country (that is not on the list) who come here to work or study must do both tests in Estonia. However, if the abovementioned citizens are, for instance, coming to visit a relative who lives in Estonia, they may do the test 72 hours before arriving in Estonia.

There is no obligation to do the test if a person has had COVID-19 and has been declared recovered by a doctor within six months before arrival, or if a person is fully vaccinated against COVID-19 and the course of vaccinations was finished no more than 12 months earlier.

Staying in self-isolation means that the person is not allowed to leave their place of residence within 10 days, except on the order of a healthcare worker or a police official, or for unavoidable trips. For instance, it is allowed to leave home if your life is in danger, or you need medical aid, have to renew your food stocks, buy essential goods or medicines, or to spend time in fresh air. In all these cases you need to avoid contact with other people. For this reason it is not allowed to go to work or to a crowded forest path. It is, however, allowed to be outside, for instance to go for a run or a bike ride, if you can do this without coming into contact with others.

Last updated: 16.08.2021 16:17

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When crossing the border back and forth, the requirements and self-isolation rules of the states need to be taken into account.

Persons with Russian residence permits or Russian citizenship residing on the territory of the European Union may travel to Russia once a month. You can enter Russia under exceptional circumstances, information of which can be obtained from the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. When travelling to Russia, you must present the result of the coronavirus test or take a test and observe the 10-day self-isolation obligation.

Travelling from Russia to Estonia is permitted if you come to Estonia to work or study, and if you have no symptoms of the disease. When entering Estonia to work or study, 10-day self- isolation period must be observed, which means that the employer or educational institution ensures:

  • transportation for the employee or the student, and the possibility to remain in self-isolation (10 days) as of the date of arrival to Estonia

  • the employee or the student tests for the coronavirus immediately upon arrival and re-tests not earlier than the 10th day of their arrival in Estonia

  • the employee shall not enter into employment or commence their studies during the first 6 days from arrival to Estonia

  • the employee may start working and studying on the 11th day of their stay, provided that their second coronavirus test is negative.

Starting from July 12 a test prior to entering Estonia is required from enterting from those third countries that do not belong to the so-called green list of the European Union. The list of countries belonging to the green list has published on the web page of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs https://vm.ee/en/information-countries-and-self-isolation-requirements-passengers.

A PCR test no more than 72 hours or, as a new possibility, an antigen rapid test no more than 48 hours prior to entering Estonia needs to be done and a certificate on the negative results needs to be presented by all citizens of third countries not on the green list who have not completed the course of vaccinations and who are coming to Estonia to work, study, join their family or based on a special permit.

Additional information on crossing the Estonian-Russian state border is available on the website of the Police and Border Guard Board: https://www.politsei.ee/en/instructions/emergency-situation/information-on-countries-and-self-isolation-requirements-for-people-arriving-in-estonia, and on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Reisi Targalt website: https://reisitargalt.vm.ee/riigid/venemaa/.

Information on the conditions and exceptions to travel to Russia is available from the Russian Embassy in Estonia, on the website of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and on the hotlines: +7 (495) 587 8860, +7 (499) 244 1977, +7 (499) 244 1988, +7 (499) 244 2847.

Last updated: 16.08.2021 15:56

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Coming to work or study in Estonia is possible from all the countries in the world. The requirement for a mandatory self-isolation applies to arrivals from a country that is "red" according to the Estonian system.

Last updated: 19.10.2020 11:16

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As an exception, the following asymptomatic foreign nationals may enter Estonia:

  • employees at a foreign diplomatic representation or a consular office in Estonia, their family members, foreign nationals arriving to Estonia in the framework of international military cooperation,

  • persons who are directly involved with transporting goods or raw materials, including loading of goods or raw materials,

  • members of a foreign delegation arriving in Estonia for a work meeting at the invitation of a state authority or local government authority,

  • providers of healthcare or other services necessary for solving the emergency situation,

  • persons who are directly involved in the international carriage of goods or passengers, including crew members serving on an international means of transport and persons performing repairs, warranty, or maintenance services on a means of transport,

  • persons who provide services to groups of passengers and are directly involved in the provision of passenger transport services,

  • persons whose purpose of arrival in Estonia is to ensure the performance of an essential service,

  • persons whose arrival in Estonia is related to the maintenance, repair, warranty or information and communication technology of equipment of an enterprise operating in Estonia, where this is necessary to ensure the operation of the enterprise,

  • persons who are immediately passing through the territory of Estonia in order to reach their country of residence,

  • persons whose direct descendant or ascendant, relative or spouse is an Estonian national, holder of an Estonian residence permit or the right of residence (a direct descendant is a child or a (great)grandchild and their descendants, direct ascendants are a parent(s) or grandparent(s)),

  • foreign nationals who have received a special permit to enter the country from the Police and Border Guard Board. The application must be sent to ppa@politsei.ee. The application for permission to cross the border in exceptional circumstances can be found on the website of the Police and Border Guard Board. The purpose of the special application is to allow third-country nationals to apply for crossing the external borders, for the purpose of entering Estonia under special circumstances for family reasons, such as funeral, wedding, illness of a family member, an indispensable meeting with a family member. A foreigner allowed to enter Estonia on the basis of a special application is subject to a general restriction of freedom of movement and must not leave their permanent place of residence or stay within 10 days. The application for permission to cross the border in exceptional circumstances can be found on the website of the Police and Border Guard Board: (in Estonian).

  • The person arriving in Estonia can complete traveller's questionnaire 72 hours before their arrival in Estonia. This will make the border crossing faster, and they do not have to wait in line in order to fill in a paper declaration.

Possibilities for testing for coronavirus upon arrival to Estonia.

  • As of September 1, people returning to Estonia from countries at-risk from COVID-19 can get tested at airports and harbours in order to reduce their self-isolation period so they can return to work earlier. Testing is free of charge for Estonian residents, and foreign nationals can make a card payment on-site. The test can be done at the Port of Tallinn, Terminals A and D for foot passengers, and at the Tallinn Airport based on a letter of referral, which will be made out on the spot.

  • People arriving from an at-risk country by train or by road transportation can book their test as a person coming from a trip. Estonia tests people with symptoms as a priority. Therefore, the waiting list will be 1-2 days, so it would be recommended to book your test in advance when you know your time of arrival.

  • The test can be done in public testing places across Estonia.

  • Foreign nationals can do a paid coronavirus test to reduce their self-isolation period. To book their testing time, they must call the phone numbers of the service providers who offer paid testing.

  • Until the results of the test are returned, the person must be in complete self-isolation. Negative results are notified to the person via text message, when the results are positive, the person will receive a phone call. The results are also accessible when entering the Patient Portal digilugu.ee with an ID card. A second test must be performed no earlier than 6 days after the result of the first test, and if it is negative, it is possible to return to regular activities. This means that after two negative tests, the person is not subject to the 10 day movement restriction that applies to all those who arrive from at-risk countries and do not do the test. The public testing call centre will call the person tested in order to arrange the time of the second test. A country is considered to be at-risk if the coronavirus infection rate there is 75 cases per 100,000 people or higher.

Additional information: https://www.terviseamet.ee/en, National Crisis Information Phone No: +372 600 1247.

Starting from February 2, there is a derogation from having to self-isolate as a close contact for people who have been vaccinated against or had the coronavirus within the last six months. As an exception, the requirement to stay in a place of residence or a permanent place of stay for 10 days, as well as the testing requirements do not apply to a person who crosses the border into Estonia and has had the coronavirus within the past six months and been declared recovered by a doctor, or has been vaccinated against the coronavirus within the past six months. This person must still adhere to the restrictions in force in Estonia and follow all measures that have been enacted to stop the spread of the virus.

Last updated: 26.07.2021 11:49

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More information about the coronavirus and restrictions related to it is available calling 1247 (from abroad +372 600 1247).